Vicky Long has a Ph.D. in Industrial Economics and Management from the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Sweden.  Her research interests span industrial dynamics, innovation and knowledge appropriation. The hitherto explored perspectives and projects include: a) the role of industrial knowledge in ICTs firms’ upgrading; b) factors and conditions that underlies the choices of (ICT) technological trajectories, including the role of patents and technology standards in that; c) Innovation and knowledge appropriation in cumulative (versus discrete) technologies. Her current research project is about Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) and appropriability regime in the Swedish video games industry in the digital era.