Karlson, Nils, The state of state: an inquiry concerning the role of invisible hands in politics and civil society, Univ., Diss. Uppsala : Univ.,Uppsala, 1993
One of the most astonishing features of social, economic, and political life is that large-scale patterns, structures, and behavioral regularities sometimes develop without anyone intentionally planning their occurrence, or without anyone deliberately working to bring them about. They evolve as a specific kind of unintended consequence of human action. They are the result of invisible hands. Building on Adam Smith’s classic concept of ”the invisible hand,” this study presents a general approach, based on the theory of games and evolutionary theory, to explain such large-scale unintended consequences within markets, communities, and the state.