Daunfeldt, S-O., Engberg, E., Halvarsson, D., Kokko, A. & Tingvall, P. (2019). Wholesale firms: A catalyst for Swedish exports?. Working Paper no. 328. Stockholm: Ratio.
This paper examines the role of wholesale firms as facilitators of exports for small and medium-sized Swedish businesses. Our findings suggest that wholesale firms do facilitate access to difficult markets located outside Europe. For exports of a particular good to a given market, we observe a positive correlation between the export volumes of wholesale and manufacturing firms. Finally, we present evidence that supports a prediction from recent trade models with differentiated firms, namely that wholesale firms can facilitate exports for firms that are not themselves capable of direct exports.