This paper studies the impact of the Stockholm road pricing trial on retail revenues. The analysis is performed using revenue data from 14 shopping malls, 9 within the tool area and 5 outside the tool area. The data also include revenue data from a sample of retail stores located along the main shopping streets in Stockholm. The results show that the Stockholm road pricing trial did not negatively affect retail revenue, neither in shopping malls nor in the sample of retail stores.
Daunfeldt, S-O., Rudholm, N., & Rämme, U. (2009). Congestion charges and retail revenues: Results from the Stockholm road pricing trial. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 43(3), 306–309. DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2008.09.005