Financing future job creators

Financing of Innovations, Företagandets villkor, Gaseller, Jobbskapare, Karl Wennberg, Michel Elmoznino Laufer, Tillväxt, Tillväxtfinansiering
Financing future job creators


Research has shown that young businesses with growth ambitions are important for job creation and innovation. A major obstacle to economic growth is the lack of financing for young firms.The Ratio Institute and the Swedish Federation of Business Owners have conducted a study to outline the financial sources of young and small businesses in Sweden and to investigate the challenges for financing the firms.

We use a sample of 380 limited liability firms in Sweden that are members of the Swedish Federation of Business Owners. The majority of the firms were founded 2010-2013. For our sample, the results show that the majority of the firms (87 %) use personal savings to finance their firms, while 28 % use bank loans which is the second most common type of finance. However, many of the firms that were approved bank loans report that they had to use personal assets as collateral and personal guarantees to back up their loans. Also, many entrepreneurs took a temporary employment elsewhere and didn’t take out any salary at some time.

Our results suggest that economic policies should focus on measures that improve personal wealth accumulation. The results give further support to the findings of recent studies that have been conducted in Sweden that personal wealth accumulation is important and that it is difficult to obtain bank loans for young businesses.

Wennberg, K. & Elmoznino Laufer, M. (2014). Financing future job creators. Rapport oktober 2014. Stockholm: Ratio och Företagarna.

Similar content

Utvärderingar av näringspolitik – en intressekonflikt mellan myndigheter, konsult-företag, politik och skattebetalare?
Article (without peer review)Publication
Colin, E., Sandström, C., & Wennberg, C.
Publication year


Published in

Ekon. Debatt, 49, 30-41.


Antalet utvärderingar av ekonomisk politik ökar explosionsartat. Det finns dock få systematiska sammanställningar av de utvärderingar som görs och det saknas kunskap om hur utvärderare skiljer sig åt gällande metoder och slutsatser, inte minst inom näringspolitiken. Vi studerar utvärderingar av 110 näringspoli-tiska insatser 2009–19 genom att granska huruvida valet av utvärderare påver-kar utvärderingarnas resultat. Privata konsulter visar sig vara den vanligaste utvärderaren av näringspolitik och deras utvärderingar skiljer sig från andra utvärderare genom att vara övervägande mer positiva till de utvärderade insat-serna. Vi diskuterar intressekonflikter som kan antas föreligga mellan utvärde-rare, myndigheter, den politiska makten och allmänheten.

Colin, E., Sandström, C., & Wennberg, C. (2021). Utvärderingar av näringspolitik–en intressekonflikt mellan myndigheter, konsultföretag, politik och skattebetalare. Ekon. Debatt, 49, 30-41.

Government-sponsored entrepreneurship education: Is less more?
Article (with peer review)Publication
Sjöö, K., Elert, N. & Wennberg, K.
Publication year



Entrepreneurship research suggests that entrepreneurship education and training can bridge the gender gap in entrepreneurship, but little empirical research exists assessing the validity and impact of such initiatives. We examine a large government-sponsored entrepreneurship education program aimed at university students in Sweden. While a pre-study indicates that longer university courses are associated with short-term outcomes such as increased self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intentions, results from a more comprehensive study using a pre-post design suggest little effect from these extensive courses on long-term outcomes such as new venture creation and entrepreneurial income. In contrast, we do find positive effects on these long-term outcomes from more limited but more specific training interventions, especially for women. Our study suggests that less extensive but more tailored interventions can be more beneficial than longer or more extensive interventions in promoting entrepreneurship in general, and entrepreneurship of underrepresented groups in particular. We discuss implications for theory, education, and policy.

Show more

Postgiro: 382621-1


Bankgiro: 512-6578