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Forskningsfabrik eller fri akademi?

PublicationBook chapter
Företagandets villkor, Forskning, Högre utbildning, Högskola, Kompetens, Kompetensförsörjning, Nils Karlson, Universitet

Abstract

Kapitlet är en av sju essäer som ingår i boken Krävs en elitsatsning på utbildning för att klara världskonkurrens? (Axel och Margaret Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse). I boken diskuteras hur Sverige ska kunna hävda sig och vad som krävs för att åstadkomma världens bästa utbildningssystem. Boken gavs ut som dokumentation till Engelsbergseminariet Krävs en elitsatsning på utbildning för att klara världskonkurrens? – Från järnbruk till hjärnkraft den 19 oktober 2012.

Karlsson, N. (2013). Ingår i K. Almqvist, & L. Gröning (Eds.), Krävs en elitsatsning på utbildning för att klara världskonkurrens?

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Startups, financing and geography – findings from a survey
Book chapterPublication
Bjuggren, P.-O., & Elmoznino Laufer, M.
Publication year

2018

Abstract

This chapter investigates the importance of bank loans for the financing of startups and how location matters for expansion plans and financing. The two main questions posed are: what does the financing of Swedish corporate startups look like, and how does location matter for expansion plans and financing? To provide answers to these questions, both survey data and registry data have been used. The survey data are from a questionnaire sent out to startups listed in the files of the Swedish Jobs and Society Foundation. We looked at corporations founded during the period 2009–2013 that are family firms in terms of ownership structure. The survey indicated that bank loans are rare. Essentially, the entrepreneur personally takes most of the business risk. Combining registry data with the qualitative data from the survey, we used regression analysis to study differences due to location. The regression analysis showed that the degree of urbanization matters for plans for expansion. In the three most urbanized areas, the startup firms had plans to expand their business both at home and abroad. In the other urbanized areas, the focus was on expansion at home.

Reaping Value from Digitalization in Swedish Manufacturing Firms
Book chapterPublication
Mähring, M., Wennberg, K., & Demir, R.
Publication year

2018

Abstract

Excerpt: In this chapter, we take a fresh look at what is actually happening in the area of digitalization, with a particular focus on the Swedish manufacturing sector. […] We particularly focus upon patterns in the ways in which they seek to develop innovations and explore new business models from their activities related to product sensors and wireless data, cloud-based data warehouses, computer-aided manufacturing and 3D printing, big data technologies, and application programming interfaces (APIs). Our findings suggest that while many Swedish industrial firms have developed a strong edge through a combination of high-quality products, international presence, and decentralization, the latter in particular poses challenges when it comes to digital transformation. Digitalization may necessitate large investments across business segments, standardisation, and knowledge sharing regarding both customers and digital solutions in order to create new customer offerings. Points for reflection are then discussed, along with recommendations for scholars that are seeking to develop new and relevant knowledge by studying the transformation of Swedish industry, as well as for managers seeking to benchmark their digitalization activities to others.

Pre- and post-entrepreneurship Labor Mobility of Entrepreneurs and Employees in Entrepreneurial Firms
Book chapterPublication
Nyström, K.
Publication year

2018

Abstract

This chapter provides a literature review of existing research and identifies research gaps related to the labor mobility of both entrepreneurs and employees in entrepreneurial firms. Regarding entrepreneurs, there is a lot of research on their individual characteristics, including prior experience, and how the individual characteristics and experiences influence the performance of the firm. However, less is known on the post-entrepreneurship employment activity of entrepreneurs and how their prior experiences influence their future labor market careers.
Regarding the labor mobility of employees in entrepreneurial firms, there is an emerging stream of literature on the individual characteristics of these employees. However, many issues related to their prior experience remain unexplored. Furthermore, labor mobility after working with an entrepreneurial firm is relatively less explored at this point. Accordingly, this chapter intends to summarize current research and outline avenues for future research regarding a) pre-entrepreneurship labor mobility of entrepreneurs and b) post-entrepreneurship labor mobility of entrepreneurs, as well as c) pre-entrepreneurship labor mobility of employees in entrepreneurial firms and d) post-entrepreneurship labor mobility of employees in entrepreneurial firms. In addition, the role of institutions and, in particular, employment protection laws (EPLs) for labor mobility of entrepreneurs and employees in entrepreneurial firms are discussed.

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