Are Green Jobs Promising the Moon?

Christian Sandström, Ekonomisk tillväxt, EU, Företagandets villkor, Miljöekonomi, Miljöpolitik


Näringslivets konkurrenskraft kan öka genom en skärpt miljöpolitik. Det menar EU-kommissionen som utlovar 500 000 nya gröna jobb fram till år 2020. Men i boken “Are Green Jobs Promising the Moon?” som släppts på tankesmedjan Timbro granskar Christian Sandström, tekn. dr. vid forskningsinstitutet Ratio, vilket stöd EU:s ambitioner har och når en annan slutsats.

I boken visar Sandström att det historiskt sett har varit svårt att utforma miljö- och energiregleringar som ger önskad effekt. I stället har regleringar fått oavsiktliga konsekvenser i form av skenande kostnader för stater och i vissa fall bubblor, då vinstmaximerande företag inte har varit sena att utnyttja regelsystemen till sin fördel.

Sandström, C. (2013). Are Green Jobs Promising the Moon? On Europe’s New Growth Policy (F. S. Olsson, Trans.). Stockholm: Timbro.

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Expansions of innovation policies have been paralleled with an increase in the evaluations of such policies. Yet, there are few systematic evaluations of how such evaluations are conducted, by whom, and their overall conclusions. We analyze 110 evaluations of innovation policy in Sweden from 2005 to 2019. Our findings show that the majority of these evaluations are positive, about one-third are neutral in their conclusions, and very few are negative. The majority of evaluations were conducted by consulting firms, close to one-third by expert government agencies, and around 10% by university researchers or as self-evaluations by the governmental agencies responsible for the policy themselves. Few evaluations employed causal methods to assess the potential effects of policies. We discuss conflicts of interest and question the reliability of evaluations of innovation policy.

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