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Hur flexibelt är anställningsskyddet i kollektivavtalen?

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Anställningsskydd, Arbetsmarknad, Eva Uddén Sonnegård, LAS
Hur flexibelt är anställningsskyddet i kollektivavtalen?
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Abstract

Den svenska lagstiftningen om anställningsskydd är till stora delar semidispositiv vilket betyder att avvikelser kan göras i kollektivavtal. Ett sjuttiotal kollektivavtal i näringslivet, som omfattar nästan 1,1 miljon arbetstagare, studeras och systematiseras. Parterna på arbetsmarknaden använder semidispositiviteten i relativt hög grad. Det gäller särskilt tidsbegränsade anställningar där olika branscher har olika typer av visstidsanställningar. Det är bara ett fåtal av de studerade kollektivavtalen som innefattar allmän visstidsanställning som infördes i LAS 2007. Alla studerade kollektivavtal med ett fåtal undantag gör det möjligt att avvika från turordningen i LAS och principen om sist-in-först-ut vid arbetsbrist. Lokala överenskommelser kan slutas och andra kriterier än anställningstid användas. Tjänstemännens förbundsavtal anger riktlinjer för de lokala förhandlingarna; hänsyn ska tas till företagets behov av kompetens och möjligheter att bedriva konkurrenskraftig verksamhet. Arbetaravtalen följer i högre grad LAS än tjänstemannaavtalen. Installatörsföretagen och byggbranschen skiljer sig från övriga då de förhandlar om avdelningar och turordningsenheter men följer LAS turordningsregler inom dessa.

Uddén Sonnegård, E. (2018). Hur flexibelt är anställningsskyddet i kollektivavtalen? (Arbetsmarknadsprogrammet, rapport nr. 8). Stockholm: Ratio.


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