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Migrants’ Influence on Firm-level Exports

PublicationArticle (with peer review)
Andreas Hatzigeorgiou, Företagandets villkor, Handel, Magnus Lodefalk, Migration

Abstract

We examine the role of migrants in trade using a firm-level approach. We exploit a new employer–employee panel for Sweden, which encompasses close to 600,000 full-time employees, approximately 12,000 firms and data for 176 countries for the period 1998–2007. The resulting analysis provides novel firm-level evidence on the trade-migration relationship. Foreign-born workers have a positive association with firm exports. However, immigrants do not have an unconditional positive impact on firm trade. Mainly small firms gain from hiring foreign-born workers, and migrants need to be skilled and recently arrived to have a clear positive impact on firm export performance.

Hatzigeorgiou, A., & Lodefalk, M. (2016). Migrants’ Influence on Firm-level Exports. Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, 16(4), 477–497. DOI: 10.1007/s10842-015-0215-7

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The Brexit Trade Disruption Revisited
Article (with peer review)Publication
Hatzigeorgiou, A., & Lodefalk, M.
Publication year

2016

Abstract

political implications. One of the most profound economic impacts would be on trade—the EU is the UK’s most important trade partner, with approximately half of UK total trade. A Brexit would imply looser economic integration between the UK and EU. In addition to the trade barriers that would arise from leaving the single market, there would also be negative trade policy effects. Previous analyses of the cost of a Brexit to the UK economy in terms of trade have probably underestimated the impact because they overlook the trade-enhancing role of migration. A Brexit would be likely to limit migration, which, in turn, would aggravate the exit’s trade-disruptive effect.

Migrants’ Influence on Firm-level Exports
Artikel (med peer review)Publication
Hatzigeorgiou, A., & Lodefalk, M.
Publication year

2016

Abstract

We examine the role of migrants in trade using a firm-level approach. We exploit a new employer–employee panel for Sweden, which encompasses close to 600,000 full-time employees, approximately 12,000 firms and data for 176 countries for the period 1998–2007. The resulting analysis provides novel firm-level evidence on the trade-migration relationship. Foreign-born workers have a positive association with firm exports. However, immigrants do not have an unconditional positive impact on firm trade. Mainly small firms gain from hiring foreign-born workers, and migrants need to be skilled and recently arrived to have a clear positive impact on firm export performance.

The Brexit Trade Disruption Revisited
Article (with peer review)Publication
Hatzigeorgiou, A., & Lodefalk, M.
Publication year

2016

Abstract

political implications. One of the most profound economic impacts would be on trade—the EU is the UK’s most important trade partner, with approximately half of UK total trade. A Brexit would imply looser economic integration between the UK and EU. In addition to the trade barriers that would arise from leaving the single market, there would also be negative trade policy effects. Previous analyses of the cost of a Brexit to the UK economy in terms of trade have probably underestimated the impact because they overlook the trade-enhancing role of migration. A Brexit would be likely to limit migration, which, in turn, would aggravate the exit’s trade-disruptive effect.

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