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Migration och företagens internationalisering – en kunskapsöversikt

PublicationReports
Andreas Hatzigeorgiou, Företagandets villkor, Internationalisering, Magnus Lodefalk, Migration, Utrikeshandel

Abstract

Andreas Hatzigeorgiou, forskare vid Ratio samt chefekonom vid Stockholms Handelskammare och Magnus Lodefalk, forskare vid Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet har författat rapporten Migration och företagens internationalisering – en kunskapsöversikt för Delegationen för migrationsstudier (Delmi).

Utdrag: Forskningen på området tyder på att migranter sätter avtryck genom sin kunskap om utlandsmarknader och sina kontakter och nätverk. En procents ökning av antalet migranter är sammankopplad med 0,1–0,2 procents mer utrikeshandel i genomsnitt – ett ingalunda betydelselöst ekonomiskt värde. Kopplingen till utländska direktinvesteringar är ännu starkare.1 Undersökningar tyder på att företag ökar sin export med 1–3 procent för varje ytterligare utlandsfödd person som anställs. Om företag främst handlar med komplexa produkter kan exporten öka mer än så. Migranter tycks vara särskilt förknippade med tjänstehandel och offshoring. Handeln främjas mer om deras ursprungsländer kännetecknas av låg ekonomisk utveckling, har en annorlunda kultur eller lider av svaga institutioner. Utbildade migranter främjar handeln allra mest.

Hatzigeorgiou, A. & Lodefalk, M. (2015). Migration och företagens internationalisering – en kunskapsöversikt. Delmi 2015:4.

Based on content

A Literature Review of the Nexus between Migration and Internationalization
Article (with peer review)Publication
Hatzigeorgiou, A. & Lodefalk, M.
Publication year

2021

Abstract

Protectionism and anti-globalization tides have been rising already before the COVID-19 pandemic, with Brexit and the China-U.S. trade war, as two examples. A continued disruption to global trade, investment and value chains could worsen global development. Economic recovery will require restoring firms’ ability to trade, offshore and invest globally. To achieve this, it will be useful to understand the role of migration for foreign trade, investment and other aspects of internationalization. In this paper we review and discuss over 100 papers published about migrants’ roles on international trade, foreign direct investment and offshoring. Although the evidence suggests that migration facilitates trade and internationalization, we also note substantial gaps and inconsistencies in the existing literature. The aim of this paper is to encourage further research and assist policymakers in their efforts to promote economic recovery including internationalization.

Working paper No. 302: Do Migrants Facilitate Internationalization? A Review of the Literature
Working paperPublication
Hatzigeorgiou, A. & Lodefalk, M.
Publication year

2017

Published in

Ratio Working Paper

Abstract

How migration relates to internationalization has been a prominent question in international economics for a long time and its relevance for policy has increased with the amplified political focus on migration. But the role of migration for internationalization is not as obvious as the standard theory suggests, and tightening migration could have unexpected consequences for both developing and developed countries. In this paper we review and discuss over 100 papers published about migrants’ role in international trade and foreign direct investment, from pioneering country-level studies to nascent firm-level studies that utilize employer-employee data. To our knowledge, this is the first paper offering a wide-ranging review of the different strands of theory on the relationship between migration and internationalization, as well as new empirical findings. Although the evidence suggests that migration can facilitate internationalization, we also note substantial gaps and inconsistencies in the extant literature. The aim of this paper is to encourage future research and assist policymakers in their efforts to promote internationalization, and better understand the economic effects of changes in migration policy.

Working paper No. 302: Do Migrants Facilitate Internationalization? A Review of the Literature
Working paperPublication
Hatzigeorgiou, A. & Lodefalk, M.
Publication year

2017

Published in

Ratio Working Paper

Abstract

How migration relates to internationalization has been a prominent question in international economics for a long time and its relevance for policy has increased with the amplified political focus on migration. But the role of migration for internationalization is not as obvious as the standard theory suggests, and tightening migration could have unexpected consequences for both developing and developed countries. In this paper we review and discuss over 100 papers published about migrants’ role in international trade and foreign direct investment, from pioneering country-level studies to nascent firm-level studies that utilize employer-employee data. To our knowledge, this is the first paper offering a wide-ranging review of the different strands of theory on the relationship between migration and internationalization, as well as new empirical findings. Although the evidence suggests that migration can facilitate internationalization, we also note substantial gaps and inconsistencies in the extant literature. The aim of this paper is to encourage future research and assist policymakers in their efforts to promote internationalization, and better understand the economic effects of changes in migration policy.

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