Political Diversity in Six Disciplines

PublicationArticle (with peer review)
Charlotta Stern, Daniel Klein, Företagandets villkor, Partisympati


The inclination toward the political left in the American academy has existed as a presumption for decades. Recently, faculty and students, who found themselves marginalized by reason of the party they support or their religious convictions, have been advancing the cause of intellectual diversity. Their appeal would seem compelling, given the mission of higher education, but it has met opposition in an institution where diversity is defined as sex and race preferences that outweigh alternate considerations in admissions, hiring, and other areas. Until recently, one impediment to their push for intellectual diversity has been the lack of an adequately rigorous body of research to identify and quantify the presumed political imbalance to which they were responding. Daniel Klein et al. have now provided that research base in two studies of faculty affiliation. The first, a nationwide survey of six fields in the humanities, and the second, of party registration of faculty at two schools in California, reveal that an overwhelming and monolithic majority of professors support the Democratic Party. Republicans, conservatives, and libertarians constitute a negligible minority. Klein’s revelations received broad media coverage after an 18 November 2004 New York Times article (A23) directed readers to the data and conclusions via the NAS web site at The two studies appear formally in print below for the first time.

Related content: Working Paper No. 53

Klein, D.B. & Stern, C. (2005). ”Political Diversity in Six Disciplines.”Academic Questions, 18(1): 40-52.

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Working Paper No. 357: Managing Work from Anywhere: Six Points to Consider for HR Professionals
Working paperPublication
Allstrin, S., Grafström, J., Stern, C. & Weidenstedt, L.


Published in

Ratio Working Paper.


Purpose: The aim of this study is to assist human resource practitioners, leaders, and managers in their decision-making processes regarding the future of remote work by contributing with insights into, and synthesis of, existing research regarding working from home and working from anywhere.
Design/methodology/approach: We conducted a general review of the international literature in the fields of remote work, work from home, and work from anywhere with the aim to inductively discern themes research hitherto has dealt with.
Findings: We identified three larger themes: (1) productivity and efficiency, (2) remote leadership, and (3) work environment and work-life balance, each incorporating subthemes that contribute to a greater understanding of relevant topics in the context of remote work. In order to provide relevant information regarding the research front and guidance towards worthwhile considerations for HR professionals, leaders, and managers, we summarize our results in six concise points, each suggesting relevant questions to assess in relation to the future of remote work.
Originality: Companies will be forced to determine how to approach the post-Covid era and establish a new status quo regarding the future of office work that, ideally, will be mutually beneficial for employers and employees—whether it incorporates office, remote, or hybrid work. To the best of our knowledge a general review of the literature on remote work with specific, evidence-based, points to consider for HR professionals has not yet been undertaken.

Medarbetaravtal, personalkostnader och produktivitet
Björklund, M. & Stern, C.



Medarbetaravtal är en ovanlig kollektivavtalsform där särskilda krav ställs på samarbete mellan tjänstemannafacken och arbetarfacken eftersom avtalet tecknas gemensamt. Det saknas idag kunskap om effekterna av kollektivavtal generellt och medarbetaravtal i synnerhet. Parterna inom pappers- och massaindustrin tecknade 1996 medarbetaravtal vilket möjliggör en jämförelse på branschnivå. Med hjälp av syntetiska kontrollgrupper undersöker vi hur arbetskraftskostnad och produktivitet påverkas av den unika kollektivavtalslösningen. I rapporten kommer vi fram till att det i dagsläget är svårt att visa på några tydliga effekter vilket inte är helt förvånande med tanke på hur medarbetaravtalen som finns är utformade. Mer kunskap kring de ekonomiska effekterna av olika typer av kollektivavtal är en förutsättning för informerad diskussion kring framtidens kollektivavtal. Det krävs ytterligare studier i de fall ett mer renodlat medarbetaravtal skulle tecknas i framtiden.

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