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Ratio Working Paper No. 354: Foreign Ownership and Transferring of Gender Norms

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Ratio Working Paper 354
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Abstract

In this paper, we study foreign ownership as a vehicle for transferring gender norms
across international borders. Specifically, we analyze how the wage differential between
men and women in Swedish firms is affected by the degree of gender inequality in the
home country of foreign investors. The results suggest that gender norms of the home
country matter—the gender wage gap in foreign-owned subsidiaries appears to increase
with the degree of gender inequality prevailing in the investors’ home market. This
finding is identified from within job-spell variation in wages and proves robust across
a series of specifications.

Halvarsson, D., Lark, O. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P. Foreign Ownership and Transferring of Gender Norms. Ratio Working Paper No. 354. Stockholm: Ratio.

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