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Utlandsfödda kan främja företagens export av tjänster

PublicationArticle (without peer review)
Andreas Hatzigeorgiou, Företagandets villkor, Företagstjänster, Magnus Lodefalk, Migration, Nationalekonomi

Abstract

Ekonomin blir alltmer tjänsteorienterad. Sveriges BNP utgörs nu till ca 70 procent av tjänster. Den andel av arbetskraften som sysselsätts inom tjänstesektorn ökar, samtidigt som industrin blir mer tjänsteintensiv. Men trots att karaktären på svensk utrikeshandel följer en liknande trend brister förståelsen av vad som driver och hämmar tjänsteutrikeshandeln. Denna kunskapslucka har fått oönskade konsekvenser och kan förklara varför insatser för att underlätta internationalisering avseende tjänster har fått en undanskymd roll i handelspolitiken. Denna artikel analyserar hur utlandsfödda inverkar på företagens utrikeshandel med tjänster. Vi finner stöd för att svenska företag kan öka sin tjänsteutrikeshandel genom att anställa utlandsfödda med högskoleutbildning.

Hatzigeorgiou, A. & Lodefalk, M. (2015). Utlandsfödda kan främja företagens export av tjänster. Ekonomisk Debatt, 43(6), 28-38.

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A Literature Review of the Nexus between Migration and Internationalization
Article (with peer review)Publication
Hatzigeorgiou, A. & Lodefalk, M.
Publication year

2021

Abstract

Protectionism and anti-globalization tides have been rising already before the COVID-19 pandemic, with Brexit and the China-U.S. trade war, as two examples. A continued disruption to global trade, investment and value chains could worsen global development. Economic recovery will require restoring firms’ ability to trade, offshore and invest globally. To achieve this, it will be useful to understand the role of migration for foreign trade, investment and other aspects of internationalization. In this paper we review and discuss over 100 papers published about migrants’ roles on international trade, foreign direct investment and offshoring. Although the evidence suggests that migration facilitates trade and internationalization, we also note substantial gaps and inconsistencies in the existing literature. The aim of this paper is to encourage further research and assist policymakers in their efforts to promote economic recovery including internationalization.

Working paper No. 302: Do Migrants Facilitate Internationalization? A Review of the Literature
Working paperPublication
Hatzigeorgiou, A. & Lodefalk, M.
Publication year

2017

Published in

Ratio Working Paper

Abstract

How migration relates to internationalization has been a prominent question in international economics for a long time and its relevance for policy has increased with the amplified political focus on migration. But the role of migration for internationalization is not as obvious as the standard theory suggests, and tightening migration could have unexpected consequences for both developing and developed countries. In this paper we review and discuss over 100 papers published about migrants’ role in international trade and foreign direct investment, from pioneering country-level studies to nascent firm-level studies that utilize employer-employee data. To our knowledge, this is the first paper offering a wide-ranging review of the different strands of theory on the relationship between migration and internationalization, as well as new empirical findings. Although the evidence suggests that migration can facilitate internationalization, we also note substantial gaps and inconsistencies in the extant literature. The aim of this paper is to encourage future research and assist policymakers in their efforts to promote internationalization, and better understand the economic effects of changes in migration policy.

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