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Working Paper No. 134. Congestion Charges in Stockholm: How Have They Affected Retail Revenues?

PublicationWorking paper
Detaljhandel, Företagandets villkor, Niklas Rudholm, Sven-Olov Daunfeldt, Ulf Rämme
Working Paper No. 134.
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Abstract

Did the introduction of congestion charges in Stockholm city reduce retail revenues? Data from 20 shopping malls – 8 within the toll area, and 12 outside the tool area – and from a sample of retail stores located along the main shopping streets was analyzed using an intervention-control approach. Favorable outcomes, such as reduced traffic, less emissions of carbon-dioxide, and perceived improvements in air quality and accessibility, do not seem to have been offset by reduced revenues for retailers located within the toll area.

Related content: Congestion Charges in Stockholm: How Have They Affected Retail Revenues?

Daunfeldt, S-O., Rudholm, N. & Rämme, U. (2009). Congestion Charges in Stockholm: How Have They Affected Retail Revenues? Ratio Working Paper No. 134.

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Working Paper No. 134. Congestion Charges in Stockholm: How Have They Affected Retail Revenues?
Working paperPublication
Daunfeldt, S-O., Rudholm, N. & Rämme, U.
Publication year

2009

Abstract

Did the introduction of congestion charges in Stockholm city reduce retail revenues? Data from 20 shopping malls – 8 within the toll area, and 12 outside the tool area – and from a sample of retail stores located along the main shopping streets was analyzed using an intervention-control approach. Favorable outcomes, such as reduced traffic, less emissions of carbon-dioxide, and perceived improvements in air quality and accessibility, do not seem to have been offset by reduced revenues for retailers located within the toll area.

Related content: Congestion Charges in Stockholm: How Have They Affected Retail Revenues?

Working Paper No. 134. Congestion Charges in Stockholm: How Have They Affected Retail Revenues?
Working paperPublication
Daunfeldt, S-O., Rudholm, N. & Rämme, U.
Publication year

2009

Abstract

Did the introduction of congestion charges in Stockholm city reduce retail revenues? Data from 20 shopping malls – 8 within the toll area, and 12 outside the tool area – and from a sample of retail stores located along the main shopping streets was analyzed using an intervention-control approach. Favorable outcomes, such as reduced traffic, less emissions of carbon-dioxide, and perceived improvements in air quality and accessibility, do not seem to have been offset by reduced revenues for retailers located within the toll area.

Related content: Congestion Charges in Stockholm: How Have They Affected Retail Revenues?

Ratio Working Paper No. 349: Industrial conflict in essential services in a new era – Swedish rules in a comparative perspective
Working paperPublication
Karlson, N.
Publication year

2021

Published in

Ratio Working Paper

Abstract

This paper examines whether the Swedish regulatory system of dealing with industrial conflicts that affect essential services need an update or reform. Are the existing rules effective in a world where many essential services are upheld by many interdependent agents in complex systems where every single node becomes critical for the functioning of the system, and where the essential service activities could be either private or public? A comparative study is conducted with the corresponding regulatory systems of the United Kingdom, Germany, and Denmark.
The conclusion is that Sweden is a special case. The Swedish protection against and readiness in dealing with societally harmful industrial conflicts in essential services is weaker than in the countries of comparison. Just as in relation to other threats to essential services, it is not sustainable to claim that just because such a threat is not currently present, there would be no need for preparedness.
There are many alternative ways to handle this. Desirable methods should both prevent harmful conflicts from erupting and end conflicts that have grown harmful to society at a later stage. The labour market organisations should have a mutual interest in reforming the rules.

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