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Working Paper No. 211. Does Social Cohesion Really Promote Reforms?

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Ekonomisk frihet, Företagandets villkor, Hannes Andréasson, Niklas Elert, Nils Karlson, Reformer, Välfärd
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Abstract

This paper investigates whether social cohesion makes economic reforms more likely. First, we investigate whether social cohesion is a coherent concept by using a principal-component factor (PCF) analysis covering 16 indicators used to measure social cohesion in the previous literature for 40 dierent countries. The results suggest that in fact social cohesion is a multidimensional concept, consisting of no less than five orthogonal components or distinct dimensions, which we label social divisions, modern values, traditional nationalism, institutional commitment, and fairness as merit. These dimensions are then examined in relationship with economic reform in a panel regression framework. Results show that most dimensions of social cohesion do not in fact inuence reform capacity. However, views of fairness based on merit, in contrast to equality, and to some extent social divisions, are found to have a positive efect on economic reforms. The results go against the previous literature, challenging the prevailing view of social cohesion as being unambiguously benecial to economic reform.

Andreasson, H., Elert, N. & Karlson, N. (2013). Does Social Cohesion Really Promote Reforms? Ratio Working Paper No. 211.

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Working Paper No. 211. Does Social Cohesion Really Promote Reforms?
Working paperPublication
Andreasson, H., Elert, N. & Karlson, N.
Publication year

2013

Abstract

This paper investigates whether social cohesion makes economic reforms more likely. First, we investigate whether social cohesion is a coherent concept by using a principal-component factor (PCF) analysis covering 16 indicators used to measure social cohesion in the previous literature for 40 dierent countries. The results suggest that in fact social cohesion is a multidimensional concept, consisting of no less than five orthogonal components or distinct dimensions, which we label social divisions, modern values, traditional nationalism, institutional commitment, and fairness as merit. These dimensions are then examined in relationship with economic reform in a panel regression framework. Results show that most dimensions of social cohesion do not in fact inuence reform capacity. However, views of fairness based on merit, in contrast to equality, and to some extent social divisions, are found to have a positive efect on economic reforms. The results go against the previous literature, challenging the prevailing view of social cohesion as being unambiguously benecial to economic reform.

Andreasson, H., Elert, N. & Karlson, N. (2013). Does Social Cohesion Really Promote Reforms? Ratio Working Paper No. 211.

Working Paper No. 211. Does Social Cohesion Really Promote Reforms?
Working paperPublication
Andreasson, H., Elert, N. & Karlson, N.
Publication year

2013

Abstract

This paper investigates whether social cohesion makes economic reforms more likely. First, we investigate whether social cohesion is a coherent concept by using a principal-component factor (PCF) analysis covering 16 indicators used to measure social cohesion in the previous literature for 40 dierent countries. The results suggest that in fact social cohesion is a multidimensional concept, consisting of no less than five orthogonal components or distinct dimensions, which we label social divisions, modern values, traditional nationalism, institutional commitment, and fairness as merit. These dimensions are then examined in relationship with economic reform in a panel regression framework. Results show that most dimensions of social cohesion do not in fact inuence reform capacity. However, views of fairness based on merit, in contrast to equality, and to some extent social divisions, are found to have a positive efect on economic reforms. The results go against the previous literature, challenging the prevailing view of social cohesion as being unambiguously benecial to economic reform.

Andreasson, H., Elert, N. & Karlson, N. (2013). Does Social Cohesion Really Promote Reforms? Ratio Working Paper No. 211.

Ratio Working Paper No. 349: Industrial conflict in essential services in a new era – Swedish rules in a comparative perspective
Working paperPublication
Karlson, N.
Publication year

2021

Published in

Ratio Working Paper

Abstract

This paper examines whether the Swedish regulatory system of dealing with industrial conflicts that affect essential services need an update or reform. Are the existing rules effective in a world where many essential services are upheld by many interdependent agents in complex systems where every single node becomes critical for the functioning of the system, and where the essential service activities could be either private or public? A comparative study is conducted with the corresponding regulatory systems of the United Kingdom, Germany, and Denmark.
The conclusion is that Sweden is a special case. The Swedish protection against and readiness in dealing with societally harmful industrial conflicts in essential services is weaker than in the countries of comparison. Just as in relation to other threats to essential services, it is not sustainable to claim that just because such a threat is not currently present, there would be no need for preparedness.
There are many alternative ways to handle this. Desirable methods should both prevent harmful conflicts from erupting and end conflicts that have grown harmful to society at a later stage. The labour market organisations should have a mutual interest in reforming the rules.

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