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Working Paper No. 42. Skatternas utveckling, omfattning och fördelning

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Dan Johansson, Företagandets villkor, Skattehistoria, Skatter
Working Paper No. 42.
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Abstract

I uppsatsen studeras det svenska skattesystemet och de svenska skatternas utveckling från början av 1900-talet fram till i dag. Skattetrycket har ökat kraftigt, från under 10 procent av BNP vid periodens början, till över 50 procent vid periodens slut. En allt större andel av skatteintäkterna kommer från s k osynliga skatter, dvs skatter som skattebetalaren inte inser att han/hon bär. Skatterna på arbete och konsumtion dominerar totalt skatteintäkterna – tillsammans står de i dagsläget för ca 90 procent av de totala skatteintäkterna. Förmögenhets- respektive arvs- och gåvoskatten är försumbara; tillsammans utgör de ca 0,6 procent av de totala skatteintäkterna. En orsak till skattetryckets expansion är det socialdemokratiska partiets maktövertagande och långa maktinnehav, vilket ledde till en radikalisering av politiken där omfattande sociala reformer skulle finansieras via skattesystemet och där skatterna skulle användas för att omfördela inkomster och förmögenheter.

Related content: Skatternas utveckling, omfattning och fördelning

Johansson, D. (2004). Skatternas utveckling, omfattning och fördelning. Ratio Working Paper No. 42.


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