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Ratio Working Paper no 251: Understanding Psychological Competencies: Conceptualization and Measurement of Psychological Capital at Various Levels

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Ratio Working Paper No. 251
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Abstract

This study addresses the longstanding concern of how to identify and evaluate individuals’ psychological strengths. While much research has concerned itself with identifying psychological weaknesses of organizational employees, an emergent stream of literature in the human resource management literature has begun to pay attention to the psychological capital of human resources. Psychological capital and other competing views righteously build on positive psychology to address the developmental strengths of individuals. We elaborate further on the concept of psychological capital by conceptually proposing an alternative view. Our view is more elaborate and suggests a three dimensional approach to psychological strengths, taking into consideration the approach-belief subsystem of individuals, the monitoring-creating-executing subsystem, and the self-regulating subsystem. We confirm these three dimensions, which together contain 16 psychological competencies through a survey instrument in a Scandinavian manufacturing firm in China. The results are discussed and implications for future research are proposed.

Demir, R. & Trost, K. (2014). Understanding Psychological Competencies: Conceptualization and Measurement of Psychological Capital at Various Levels. Ratio Working Paper No. 251.

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Ratio Working Paper No. 251: Understanding Psychological Competencies: Conceptualization and Measurement of Psychological Capital at Various Levels
Working paperPublication
Demir, R. & Trost, K.
Publication year

2014

Abstract

This study addresses the longstanding concern of how to identify and evaluate individuals’ psychological strengths. While much research has concerned itself with identifying psychological weaknesses of organizational employees, an emergent stream of literature in the human resource management literature has begun to pay attention to the psychological capital of human resources. Psychological capital and other competing views righteously build on positive psychology to address the developmental strengths of individuals. We elaborate further on the concept of psychological capital by conceptually proposing an alternative view. Our view is more elaborate and suggests a three dimensional approach to psychological strengths, taking into consideration the approach-belief subsystem of individuals, the monitoring-creating-executing subsystem, and the self-regulating subsystem. We confirm these three dimensions, which together contain 16 psychological competencies through a survey instrument in a Scandinavian manufacturing firm in China. The results are discussed and implications for future research are proposed.

Ratio Working Paper No. 251: Understanding Psychological Competencies: Conceptualization and Measurement of Psychological Capital at Various Levels
Working paperPublication
Demir, R. & Trost, K.
Publication year

2014

Abstract

This study addresses the longstanding concern of how to identify and evaluate individuals’ psychological strengths. While much research has concerned itself with identifying psychological weaknesses of organizational employees, an emergent stream of literature in the human resource management literature has begun to pay attention to the psychological capital of human resources. Psychological capital and other competing views righteously build on positive psychology to address the developmental strengths of individuals. We elaborate further on the concept of psychological capital by conceptually proposing an alternative view. Our view is more elaborate and suggests a three dimensional approach to psychological strengths, taking into consideration the approach-belief subsystem of individuals, the monitoring-creating-executing subsystem, and the self-regulating subsystem. We confirm these three dimensions, which together contain 16 psychological competencies through a survey instrument in a Scandinavian manufacturing firm in China. The results are discussed and implications for future research are proposed.

Ratio Working Paper No. 349: Industrial conflict in essential services in a new era – Swedish rules in a comparative perspective
Working paperPublication
Karlson, N.
Publication year

2021

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Ratio Working Paper

Abstract

This paper examines whether the Swedish regulatory system of dealing with industrial conflicts that affect essential services need an update or reform. Are the existing rules effective in a world where many essential services are upheld by many interdependent agents in complex systems where every single node becomes critical for the functioning of the system, and where the essential service activities could be either private or public? A comparative study is conducted with the corresponding regulatory systems of the United Kingdom, Germany, and Denmark.
The conclusion is that Sweden is a special case. The Swedish protection against and readiness in dealing with societally harmful industrial conflicts in essential services is weaker than in the countries of comparison. Just as in relation to other threats to essential services, it is not sustainable to claim that just because such a threat is not currently present, there would be no need for preparedness.
There are many alternative ways to handle this. Desirable methods should both prevent harmful conflicts from erupting and end conflicts that have grown harmful to society at a later stage. The labour market organisations should have a mutual interest in reforming the rules.

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