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Vilket EU vill vi ha?

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Ari Kokko, Daniel Halvarsson, EU-kommissionen, Europadomstolen, Företagandets villkor, Institutionell ekonomi, Joakim Nergelius, Nils Karlson, Patrick Tingvall, Trianguleringens tragedi, Vilket EU vill vi ha?
VILKET EU VILL VI HA?
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Vilket EU vill vi ha? Det borde vara den avgörande frågan i valet till Europaparlamentet. Men också i den offentliga diskussionen de år som följer.

I Ratios nya forskarantologi Vilket EU vill vi ha? visas att den svenska utrikeshandeln nästan har fördubblats och ökat välståndet med mellan 3 och 20 procent, tack vare EU och den ökade öppenheten. Dessutom har den svenska rättsstaten stärkts, vilket även stärkt den svenska demokratin.

Samtidigt finns flera stora utmaningar som hänger ihop med bristen på väl fungerande gemensamma institutioner på EU-nivå. Det den inre marknaden, men också säkerhets- och miljöpolitiken.

Frågan är om EU ska bejaka mångfald i enhet, genom fri handel, fria marknader och fri rörlighet inom ramen för ett begränsat överstatligt, federalt system? Eller om EU ska fortsätta att utvecklas i centralistisk riktning med fler gemensamma lagar och regler, inom ramen för ett överstatligt, federalt system, utan en given gräns för överstatligheten? Det är den viktiga framtidsfrågan.

Karlson, N. (red.) (2014). Vilket EU vill vi ha?Stockholm: Ratio.


Liknande innehåll

Ratio Working Paper No 343: Populism, Liberalism and the Quest for Meaning and Community
Working paperPublikation
Karlson, N.
Publiceringsår

2020

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

Liberalism is losing ground, while populist or even authoritarian nationalist regimes are on the rise. This paper argues that the causes of the decline are, at least partly, endogenous, that a narrow focus on economic efficiency and the successful critique of socialism and the welfare state have created an idea vacuum that has opened up for these illiberal tendencies. The conclusion is that a central challenge for liberalism is to offer a comprehensive idea and narrative about meaning and community that is not socialistic, conservative or nationalistic, but distinctly liberal, to counter these developments.

The Idea Vacuum of Liberalism and the Quest for Meaning and Community
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Karlson, N.
Publiceringsår

2019

Sammanfattning

Liberalism is losing ground, while populist or even authoritarian nationalist regimes are on the rise. This article argues that the causes of the decline are, at least partly, endogenous, that a narrow focus on economic efficiency and the successful critique of socialism and the welfare state have created an idea vacuum that has opened up for these illiberal tendencies. The conclusion is that a central challenge for liberalism is to offer a comprehensive idea and narrative about meaning and community that is not socialist, conservative or nationalist, but distinctly liberal, to counter these developments.

Working Paper no. 331: Bureaucrats or Markets in Innovation Policy? – A critique of the entrepreneurial state
Working paperPublikation
Karlson, N., Sandström, C. & Wennberg, K.
Publiceringsår

2020

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

This paper takes stock of recent suggestions that the state apparatus is a central and underappreciated actor in the generation, diffusion and exploitation of innovations enhancing growth and social welfare. We contrast such a view of “the entrepreneurial state” with theories and empirical evidence of the microeconomic processes of innovation in the modern economy which focus on well-functioning markets, free entry and competition among firms, and independent entrepreneurship as central mechanisms in the creation and dissemination of innovations. In doing so, we identify several deficiencies in the notion of an entrepreneurial state by showing that (i) there is weak empirical support in the many hundreds empirical studies and related meta analyses evaluating the effectiveness of active industrial and innovative policies, that (ii) these policies do not take account of the presence of information and incentive problems which together explain why attempts to address purported market failures often result in policy failures, and that (iii) the exclusive focus on knowledge creation through R&D and different forms of firm subsidies ignores the equally important mechanisms of knowledge dissemination and creation through commercial exploitation in markets. We discuss how a more theoretically well-founded focus on the state as investing in knowledge generation and securing the conditions of free and competitive markets will lead to a more innovative economy.

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