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Drömmen om jämlikhet

PublikationBok
Företagandets villkor, Henrik Malm Lindberg, Politisk historia, Politiskt lärande, Reformer, Socialdemokraterna

Sammanfattning

Mot slutet av 1960-talet radikaliserades Socialdemokraternas politik drastiskt. På område efter område ifrågasattes den maktbalans som hade funnits mellan politik och näringsliv sedan 1930-talet. Jämlikhetssträvandena intensifierades och partiet initierade en rad reformer som gav staten och de fackliga organisationerna större makt och inflytande. Processen ledde till att den svenska modellen, med dess samförstånd mellan arbetsmarknadens parter och statlig icke-inblandning som norm, övergavs.

Vad åstadkom denna radikalisering? Vilka var idégivarna och kunskapskällorna? Hur kunde de nya idéerna få ett så stort genomslag i praktisk politik? Drömmen om jämlikhet undersöker den forskning och samhällsdebatt som föregick den radikaliserade politiken och som utgick från en ny tolkning av verkligheten.

Lindberg, H. M. (2014). Drömmen om jämlikhet: Socialdemokratins radikalisering och den svenska modellens fall. Stockholm: Atlantis.


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Sammanfattning

Open innovation has rendered increased interest both in practice and research, and has expanded from dyadic transfers of ideas, to ecosystem levels. Knowledge is at the heart of open innovation, and this paper describes and discusses knowledge-transfer linkages for open innovation. It does so based on a literature review. The paper links together open innovation research with general management research to categorise and discuss linkages among parties in terms of their openness and how they relate to knowledge management. Conclusions indicate that openness needs to be considered in different dimensions that also links to different knowledge management outcomes. The paper’s contribution consists of how it connects open innovation research to the general management literature, and how it builds a practical understanding of how linkages between firms can be categorised to aid firms to consider which mechanisms they may choose and why.

Municipally Owned Enterprises as Danger Zones for Corruption? How Politicians Having Feet in Two Camps May Undermine Conditions for Accountability
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Bergh, A., Erlingsson, G., Gustafsson, A. & Wittberg, E.
Publiceringsår

2019

Publicerat i
Sammanfattning

The market-inspired reforms of New Public Management have been particularly pronounced in Swedish local government. Notably, municipally owned enterprises (MOEs) have rapidly grown in numbers. Principal-agent theory gives rise to the hypothesis that the massive introduction of MOEs has impacted negatively on the conditions for accountability in Swedish local government. To study this, social network analysis was employed in mapping networks for 223 MOEs in 11 strategically chosen municipalities, covering a total of 732 politicians. The analysis reveals substantial overlaps between principals (representatives of the ultimate stakeholders, citizens) and agents (the boards of the MOEs). Hence, corporatization of public services seems to imply worrisome entanglements between the politicians who are set to steer, govern, and oversee MOEs on the one hand, and the board members of MOEs on the other. The increasing numbers of MOEs may therefore have adverse effects on accountability in important and growing parts of Swedish local government.

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