Sök

The European Social Pillar A Threat to Welfare and Prosperity?

PublikationRapporter
Arbetsmarknad, EU, Felinda Wennerberg, Institutionell ekonomi, Juridik, Nils Karlson, Statsvetenskap
the european social pillar
Ladda ner

Sammanfattning

Ever since its foundation more than 60 years ago, the European Union has been very important to the welfare and prosperity in Europe. For example, according to one estimate Sweden has almost doubled its trade and increased its growth by 3-20 percent since its membership in 1995. Apart from the promotion of peace, this is mainly due to the opening up of the common market with around 500 million people and the successive implementation of the freedom of movement for goods, services, capital and people.

Even so, in the areas of social and labour market policies some Member States have had severe problems, with low labour market participation and high unemployment levels, especially among the young and immigrants. This is an area where the European Union only has been conferred shared and coordinating competences, and hitherto this area primarily has been regulated through soft-law where the EU has developed non-binding strategies through the social dialogue.

This however could be about to change, as a solution to the problems the Union is facing the European Union has proclaimed its fourth pillar, The European Pillar of Social Rights.

In this report, we investigate the potential short- and long-term consequences of the social pillar on the welfare and prosperity of Europe. Moreover, we discuss its potential effects on the legitimacy of the European Union, as well as an alternative way forward, namely institutional competition as the method to improve efficiency and innovation along with voter satisfaction in Europe.

Karlson, N. & Wennerberg, F. (2018). The European Social Pillar: A Threat to Welfare and Prosperity? (Arbetsmarknadsprogrammet, rapport nr. 4). Stockholm: Ratio.


Liknande innehåll

Ratio Working Paper No 343: Populism, Liberalism and the Quest for Meaning and Community
Working paperPublikation
Karlson, N.
Publiceringsår

2020

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

Liberalism is losing ground, while populist or even authoritarian nationalist regimes are on the rise. This paper argues that the causes of the decline are, at least partly, endogenous, that a narrow focus on economic efficiency and the successful critique of socialism and the welfare state have created an idea vacuum that has opened up for these illiberal tendencies. The conclusion is that a central challenge for liberalism is to offer a comprehensive idea and narrative about meaning and community that is not socialistic, conservative or nationalistic, but distinctly liberal, to counter these developments.

Ratio Working Paper No. 341: Recruitment of scarce competences to rural regions: Policies to promote recruitment
Working paperPublikation
Nyström, K.
Publiceringsår

2020

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

This paper studies the perceived difficulty of recruiting scarce competences to rural regions. Furthermore, the role of policy in facilitating and enhancing recruitment to and better skills matching in rural regions is discussed. Based on a survey targeted to the business sections in Swedish municipalities, the results show that recruitment is perceived to be difficult in both rural and non-rural regions. However, recruitment problems in the public sector are more pronounced in rural municipalities. Nevertheless, recruitment to the public and business sectors are perceived to be equally difficult in rural regions. Both rural municipalities and non-rural municipalities state that the difficulty of recruiting the right skills results in a lack of skills matching and constitutes an obstacle to growth. Which policies can help remedy recruitment problems in rural regions? The pecuniary incentive of writing off student debt is perceived to be the most promising policy, but respondents also believe that non-pecuniary support such as relocation support for accompanying persons and tandem recruitment should be implemented to a greater extent. Finally, the need for flexibility and policies that can be adapted to the regional demand for labour are stressed. This regards for example the adaption of education programmes to local needs and rules and regulations.

Visa fler

Ratio är ett fristående forskningsinstitut som forskar om hur företagandets villkor kan utvecklas och förbättras.

Sveavägen 59 4trp

Box 3203

103 64 Stockholm

Postgiro: 382621-1

|

Bankgiro: 512-6578