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FDI and Spillovers in China: Non-linearity and technological absorptive capacity

PublikationArtikel (med peer review)
Ari Kokko, Foreign Direct Investment, Företagandets villkor, Industri, Investering, Kina, Patrik Tingvall

Sammanfattning

Using a fixed effect variance decomposition model we estimate SUR models to analyse FDI spillovers from contagion and spillovers from competition on local firms in China. While the former type of spillover mainly depends on the degree of foreign presence, the latter kind is related to how foreign and local firms interact. The main conclusion is that FDI has been beneficial for the Chinese economy but that spillovers are not evenly distributed across firms and industries. Spillovers from contagion tend to exhibit an inverse U-shaped pattern with respect to the degree of foreign presence at the industry level, whereas spillovers from competition are more linear. Industries with high absorptive capacity and/or high efficiency are the ones best equipped to take advantage of spillovers from foreign-owned firms.

Kokko, A., Taotao, C. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P. (2011). “FDI and Spillovers in China: Non-linearity and technological absorptive capacity”. Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, 9(1): 1-22.


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Publicerat i
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We review complementary theoretical perspectives on location choices of university graduate entrepreneurs derived from the individual-opportunity nexus and local embeddedness perspectives on entrepreneurship. Analysis of the full population of 215,388 graduates from Swedish institutions of higher education between 2002 and 2006 provides support for both location choice perspectives. Overall, 63% of graduate entrepreneurs start businesses locally in their region of graduation while 37% start businesses elsewhere. The likelihood of starting locally is substantially higher in metropolitan regions, if the graduate was born locally or has university peer entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial family members in the region of graduation. Implications for theory and public policy are discussed.
Related content: Working Paper No. 290

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