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Företagandets villkor i internationell belysning

PublikationRapporter
Anne-Sophie Larsson, Arbetsmarknad, Entreprenörskap, Företagandets villkor, Innovation, Karl Blom, Konkurrens, Nationalekonomi, Nils Karlson
Företagandets villkor i internationell belysning 2015
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Sammanfattning

I en ny rapport har Ratio analyserat vad de nio viktigast internationella indexen om länders konkurrenskraft, regelbörda, ekonomiska frihet, entreprenörskap och innovationsförmåga säger om det svenska företagsklimatet. Trots flera topplaceringar har Sveriges position i förhållande till viktiga konkurrentländer försämrats.

Karlson, N., Larsson, A-S. & Blom, K. (2015). Företagandets villkor i internationell belysning. Rapport, 9 november. Ratio.


Liknande innehåll

Third-Generation Innovation Policy: System Transformation or Reinforcing Business as Usual?
BokkapitelPublikation
Bergkvist, J. E., Moodysson, J., & Sandström, C.
Publiceringsår

2022

Publicerat i

Questioning the Entrepreneurial State, 201.

Sammanfattning

There has been a shift in innovation policy in recent years toward more focus on systemic transformation and changed directionality. In this chapter, we describe a collection of challenges that such policies need to address. Based on a review of dominant frameworks regarding socio-technical transitions, we compare these theories with examples of innovation policy in different countries. Systemic transformation across an economy usually requires a process of creative destruction in which new competencies may be required, actors need to be connected in novel ways, and institutions may need to be changed. Our empirical illustrations show that support programs and initiatives across Europe do not always seem to result in such a process, as they include mechanisms favoring large, established firms and universities. These actors have often fine-tuned their activities and capabilities to the existing order, and therefore have few incentives to engage in renewal. As the incumbent actors also control superior financial and relational resources, there is a risk that they captivate innovation policies and thus reinforce established structures rather than contributing to systemic transformation.

Less from more: China built wind power, but gained little electricity.
BokkapitelPublikation
Grafström, J.
Publiceringsår

2022

Publicerat i

Questioning the Entrepreneurial State, 219.

Sammanfattning

This chapter investigates Chinese wind power development and concludes that innovation cannot be pushed by the efforts of many, and that when the state clarifies directions and objectives, these can be achieved but with severe and unexpected side effects. Two topics are explored: wind curtailment and low technological development, both examples of unproductive entrepreneurship induced by government policies. The goal of wind power capacity expansion leads to construction (i.e., generation capacity) but little electricity. Examples of failures include low grid connectivity with, some years averaging 15% of generation capacity broken or unconnected to the grid. A key lesson for Europe is that forced innovation often amounts to little and that the old saying holds up: “no plan survives contact with reality.”

The book can be downloaded here.

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