The Middle Class and the Swedish Welfare State
The Swedish welfare state is becoming more generous, not to the poor, but to the middle class. However, because the standards methods used to quantify redistribution are inadequate, most welfare-state scholars in economics, sociology, and political science have not noticed this development.
Bergh, A. (2007). ”The Middle Class and the Swedish Welfare State: How Not to Measure Redistribution.” The Independent Review, 11(4): 533-546.