Migration kan främja internationalisering

PublikationArtikel (utan peer review)
Andreas Hatzigeorgiou, Företagandets villkor, Internationalisering, Magnus Lodefalk, Migration, Utrikeshandel


Utdrag: Migration kan främja internationalisering. De positiva sambanden härleds till att migranterna med sina språkfärdigheter samt kunskaper om och kontakter i andra länder kan bidra till att sänka kostnaderna för företagens utrikeshandel. Dessutom kan migranter öka handeln genom att efterfråga produkter från sina hemländer. Bidraget till internationaliseringsprocesserna kan därmed ge företag och konsumenter tillgång till större marknader. Det ökar konkurrensen och effektiviteten i ekonomin.

Artikeln baseras till stor del på Hatzigeorgious och Lodefalks rapport Migration och företagens internationalisering – en kunskapsöversikt författad för Delegationen för migrationsstudier (Delmi).

Hatzigeorgiou, A. & Lodefalk, M. (2015). Migration kan främja internationalisering. Ekonomiska Samfundets Tidskrift, 2015, 44-53.

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International trade and labour market integration of immigrants
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Lodefalk, M., Sjöholm, F., & Tang, A.




We examine whether international trade improves labour market integration of immigrants in Sweden. Immigrants participate substantially less than natives in the labour market. However, trading with a foreign country is expected to increase the demand for immigrants from that country. By hiring immigrants, a firm may access foreign knowledge and networks needed to overcome information frictions in trade. Using granular longitudinal matched employer–employee data and an instrumental variable approach, we estimate the causal effects of a firm’s bilateral trade on employment and wages of immigrants from that country. We find a positive, yet heterogeneous, effect of trade on immigrant employment but no effect on immigrant wages.

Read all of the article here.

A Literature Review of the Nexus between Migration and Internationalization
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Hatzigeorgiou, A. & Lodefalk, M.



Protectionism and anti-globalization tides have been rising already before the COVID-19 pandemic, with Brexit and the China-U.S. trade war, as two examples. A continued disruption to global trade, investment and value chains could worsen global development. Economic recovery will require restoring firms’ ability to trade, offshore and invest globally. To achieve this, it will be useful to understand the role of migration for foreign trade, investment and other aspects of internationalization. In this paper we review and discuss over 100 papers published about migrants’ roles on international trade, foreign direct investment and offshoring. Although the evidence suggests that migration facilitates trade and internationalization, we also note substantial gaps and inconsistencies in the existing literature. The aim of this paper is to encourage further research and assist policymakers in their efforts to promote economic recovery including internationalization.

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