Sök

Moderna tider 4.0

PublikationBok
Arbetsmarknad, Teknik, Teknikutveckling

Sammanfattning

Vi är många som närmar oss ett vägval: antingen kan vi börja på en yrkesväg som leder till guld och gröna skogar, eller fortsätta trampa en allt smalare och allt mer eftersatt stig. Den här boken vänder sig till dig som är nyfiken på vad det är som förändras i Sverige och världen idag, vad vi kan lära oss av historiska omställningar och vilka branscher som kan påverkas, blomstra – eller dö.

Oavsett om det är teknologisk utveckling eller oförutsedda globala händelser som orsakar branschförändringar är en sak klar: förändringarna sker snabbt. Många kommer inte hinna med tåget. Det här är guiden till framtidens yrken för dig som inte vill bli kvar på perrongen.

Grafström, J. (2020). Moderna tider 4.0 – Från kugge i maskineriet till vinnare bland algoritmerna. Stockholm: Volante förlag.


Liknande innehåll

Working Paper No. 333: Balancing employment protection and what’s good for the company
Working paperPublikation
Stern, C. & Weidenstedt, L.
Publiceringsår

2020

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

Like most developed countries, Sweden has institutionalized employment protection legislation, called LAS. LAS is interesting theoretically because parts of it are semi-coercive. The semi-coerciveness makes it possible for firms and unions under collective agreements to negotiate departures from the law, for instance regarding seniority rules and terminations due to employees’ fit and/or misconduct. In this sense, the law is more flexible than the legal text suggests. The present study explores how the semi-coercive institution of employment protection is perceived and implemented by managers of smaller manufacturing companies. The results suggest that managers support the idea of employment protection rules in principle but face a difficult balancing act in dealing with LAS. Thus, the institutional legitimacy of the law is low. LAS ends up producing local cultures of hypocrisy and pretense. The paper gives insights into how institutions aimed at producing good moral behavior sometimes end up producing the opposite.

Scandinavia: Refugees at work
BokkapitelPublikation
Joyce, P.
Publiceringsår

2019

Publicerat i
Sammanfattning

Germany was the top destination country by far for refugees arriving in the years between 2014 and 2017. But much-smaller Sweden received more asylum applications in relation to its population. The other two Scandinavian countries – Norway and Denmark – also saw significant numbers of asylum seekers in relation to their small populations. Since then, Scandinavian countries have turned to the sizable task of integrating new arrivals into the labour market. Refugees have struggled to find work in the Scandinavian countries. Figure 1 shows the employment rate (per cent) among adult refugees in Sweden, Denmark and Norway by years after arrival in the host country. As shown in Figure 1 only between 20 and 35 per cent of male refugees are working two years after arrival. The share in work increases with each year after arrival but employment generally plateaus after ten to fifteen years, significantly below the employment rate among the overall population. Female refugees need more time than males to find work. They usually have less schooling than their male counterparts and often bear children after arrival.48 Employment among female refugees picks up after some time though.

Refugees have long faced several barriers to finding work in Scandinavia, including lower average levels of education than the domestic workforce, lack of host-country language skills, a limited professional network and discrimination.49 These challenges, combined with the large number of arrivals in 2015–16, increased the willingness of Scandinavian governments to promote faster tracks to employment. In Denmark large reforms of integration policies were introduced in 2016. This led to substantial improvements in labour market outcomes.

Visa fler

Ratio är ett fristående forskningsinstitut som forskar om hur företagandets villkor kan utvecklas och förbättras.

Sveavägen 59 4trp

Box 3203

103 64 Stockholm

Postgiro: 382621-1

|

Bankgiro: 512-6578