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Muppets and gazelles: political and methodological biases in entrepreneurship research

PublikationArtikel (med peer review)
Alex Coad, Företagandets villkor, Paul Nightingale

Sammanfattning

Despite an almost universally accepted belief outside academia that entrepreneurial activity is a positive driving force in the economy, the accumulated evidence remains largely inconclusive. This article positions the increased interest in entrepreneurship since the 1980s within its historical context and highlights the significant methodological problems with its analysis. Taking these problems into account it reevaluates the performance of entrepreneurial firms in terms of innovation, job creation, economic growth, productivity growth, and happiness to show how both positive and negative interpretations can emerge. A pattern of increasingly positive interpretation is observed as one moves from analysis to policy. To address this bias, the article suggests the single category “entrepreneurial firms” be broken up along a continuum from the large number of economically marginal, undersized, poor performance enterprises to the small number of high performance “gazelles” that drive most positive impact on the economy. This would allow a more realistic evaluation of the impact of entrepreneurs by avoiding a composition fallacy that assigns the benefits of entrepreneurship to the average firm.

Nightingale, P. & Coad, A. (2014). Muppets and gazelles: political and methodological biases in entrepreneurship research. Industrial and Corporate Change, 23(1), 113-143. DOI: 10.1093/icc/dtt057


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Sammanfattning

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Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Öberg, C.
Publiceringsår

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Sammanfattning

The article describes and discusses what roles customers play in M&A integration. Based on studies of eight domestic and international M&As, it is concluded that customers may: (1) limit integration intentions; (2) be reasons for pre-integration reconsiderations; (3) be used as an argument against integration; (4) not act according to integration intentions; and (5) actively work against integration. Customers’ actual activities, as well as how the M&A parties believe and argue that customers will act, impact the integration. The article highlights how integration is an embedded activity where actions, assumptions and argumentation impact integration. The findings contribute to research on M&As by pointing to how customers impact decisions and outcomes in M&A integration, and by describing integration as an iterative process with several impacting parties.

Location choices of graduate entrepreneurs
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Larsson, J. P., Wennberg, K., Wiklund, J., & Wright, M.
Publiceringsår

2017

Publicerat i
Sammanfattning

We review complementary theoretical perspectives on location choices of university graduate entrepreneurs derived from the individual-opportunity nexus and local embeddedness perspectives on entrepreneurship. Analysis of the full population of 215,388 graduates from Swedish institutions of higher education between 2002 and 2006 provides support for both location choice perspectives. Overall, 63% of graduate entrepreneurs start businesses locally in their region of graduation while 37% start businesses elsewhere. The likelihood of starting locally is substantially higher in metropolitan regions, if the graduate was born locally or has university peer entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial family members in the region of graduation. Implications for theory and public policy are discussed.
Related content: Working Paper No. 290

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