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Ratio Working Paper No. 360: Do gender norms travel within corporations? The impact of foreign subsidiaries on the home country gender wage gap

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Ratio Working Paper 360
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In this note, we provide evidence that gender norms can be transferred within firms and across borders by means of foreign direct investment. Using microdata from both Sweden and Estonia, two countries with vastly different levels of gender inequality, we find that firms in Sweden with strong intra-firm linkages to Estonia display a relatively large gender wage gap at home.

Halvarsson, D., Lark, O., Tingvall, P., Vatherd, P. & Videnord, J. (2022). Do gender norms travel within corporations? The impact of foreign subsidiaries on the home country gender wage gap. Ratio Working Paper No. 360: Stockholm.

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