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Statliga innovationsstöd till små och medelstora företag – har de någon effekt?

PublikationArtikel (utan peer review)
Daniel Halvarsson, Företagandets villkor, Företagsstöd, Företagstillväxt, Innovation, Nationalekonomi, Patrik Tingvall, SMEs, Sven-Olov Daunfeldt

Sammanfattning

Syftet med denna rapport har varit att presentera resultat från en kontrafaktisk effektutvärdering av Vinnovas stödprogram Vinn Nu och Forska & Väx. Vi finner inga statistiskt säkerställda effekter av stödprogrammen på antalet anställda, arbetskraftsproduktiviteten, andelen högutbildade arbetare eller andelen forskare i de stödmottagande företagen. Den enda positiva effekt som kan observeras är att stöden lett till en ökad omsättning för stödföretagen jämfört med liknande företag som inte tilldelades stöd. Denna effekt är dock begränsad till företag med mindre än sex anställda och observeras endast under det första året efter det att stöden upphört.

Daunfeldt, S-O., Gustavsson Tingvall, P., & Halvarsson, D. (2016). Statliga innovationsstöd till små och medelstora företag – har de någon effekt? Ekonomisk debatt, 44(1), 6-19.


Liknande innehåll

Third-Generation Innovation Policy: System Transformation or Reinforcing Business as Usual?
BokkapitelPublikation
Bergkvist, J. E., Moodysson, J., & Sandström, C.
Publiceringsår

2022

Publicerat i

Questioning the Entrepreneurial State, 201.

Sammanfattning

There has been a shift in innovation policy in recent years toward more focus on systemic transformation and changed directionality. In this chapter, we describe a collection of challenges that such policies need to address. Based on a review of dominant frameworks regarding socio-technical transitions, we compare these theories with examples of innovation policy in different countries. Systemic transformation across an economy usually requires a process of creative destruction in which new competencies may be required, actors need to be connected in novel ways, and institutions may need to be changed. Our empirical illustrations show that support programs and initiatives across Europe do not always seem to result in such a process, as they include mechanisms favoring large, established firms and universities. These actors have often fine-tuned their activities and capabilities to the existing order, and therefore have few incentives to engage in renewal. As the incumbent actors also control superior financial and relational resources, there is a risk that they captivate innovation policies and thus reinforce established structures rather than contributing to systemic transformation.

Ratio Working Paper No. 354: Foreign Ownership and Transferring of Gender Norms
Working paperPublikation
Halvarsson, D., Lark, O. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P.
Publiceringsår

2022

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

In this paper, we study foreign ownership as a vehicle for transferring gender norms across international borders. Specifically, we analyze how the wage differential between men and women in Swedish firms is affected by the degree of gender inequality in the home country of foreign investors. The results suggest that gender norms of the home country matter—the gender wage gap in foreign-owned subsidiaries appears to increase with the degree of gender inequality prevailing in the investors’ home market. This finding is identified from within job-spell variation in wages and proves robust across a series of specifications.

Assessing user perceptions of the interplay between the sharing, access, platform and community‐based economies
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Geissinger, A., Laurell, C., Öberg, C., Sandström, C. & Suseno, Y.
Publiceringsår

2020

Sammanfattning

Purpose
Digitally intermediated peer-to-peer exchanges have accelerated in occurrence, and as a consequence, they have introduced an increased pluralism of connotations. Accordingly, this paper aims to assess user perceptions of the interplay between the sharing, access, platform, and community-based economies.

Design/methodology/approach
The sharing, access, platform, and community-based economies have been systematically tracked in the social media landscape using Social Media Analytics (SMA). In doing so, a total material of 62,855 publicly posted user-generated content concerning the four respective economies were collected and analyzed.

Findings
Even though the sharing economy has been conceptually argued to be interlinked with the access, platform, and community-based economies, the empirical results of the study do not validate this interlinkage. Instead, the results regarding user perceptions in social media show that the sharing, access, platform, and community-based economies manifest as clearly separated.

Originality/value
This paper contributes to existing literature by offering an empirical validation, as well as an in-depth understanding, of the sharing economy’s interlinkage to other economies, along with the extent to which the overlaps between these economies manifest in social media.

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