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Technological Change and Industrial Transformation

PublikationBok
Industrial transformation, Magnus Holmén, Teknologi, Vicky Long

Sammanfattning

Industrial transformation is a research and teaching field with a focus on the phenomenon and mechanisms of industrial development and renewal. It concerns changes in economic activities caused by innovation, competition and collaboration, and has a rich heritage of evolutionary economics, institutional economics, industrial dynamics, technology history and innovation studies. It borrows concepts and models from the social sciences (sociology, history, political sciences, business/management, economics, behavioural sciences) and also from technology and engineering studies.
In this book, the authors present the key theories, frameworks and concepts of industrial transformation and use empirical cases to describe and explain the causes, processes and outcomes of transformation in the context of digitalization and sustainability. They stress that industrial transformation consists both of Darwinian “survival of the fittest” selection, and of intentional pursuits of innovation, and of industrial capabilities creation. The work argues that managing the global trends of transformation is not only about new technology and innovation: existing institutional settings and dynamic interactions between technological change, organizational adaptation and economic activities also have a profound impact on future trajectories.
The areas under investigation are of great relevance for strategic management decisions and industrial and technology policies, and understanding the mechanisms underlying transformation and sustainable growth.

Long, V. & Holmén, M. (Red.). (2021). Technological Change and Industrial Transformation (uppl. 1). Routledge.


Liknande innehåll

Varför kan teknik slå politik?
Artikel (utan peer review)Publikation
Sandström, C. Ernkvist, M., Laurell, C., & Jörnmark, J.
Publiceringsår

2016

Publicerat i
Sammanfattning

Jan Stenbeck sade att ”[t]eknik slår politik”. Hans egen gärning visar att nya företag ibland klarar av att inte bara introducera helt ny teknik, utan också att proaktivt förändra de formella och informella institutioner som styr en bransch. Med utgångspunkt i vår egen forskning på området diskuterar vi hur nya företag går tillväga för att genomdriva tekniska och institutionella omvälvningar. Våra studier av Uber, Optionsmäklarna (OM) och Axis Communications påvisar hur skillnader i kompetenser, incitament och snabbhet skapar möjligheter, samt att de nya aktörerna framgångsrikt kombinerar strategi i den kommersiella domänen med systematisk bearbetning av institutionerna.

Commercializing clean technology innovations: the emergence of new business in an agency-structure perspective
BokkapitelPublikation
Avdeitchikova, S. & Coenen, L.
Publiceringsår

2015

Sammanfattning

Clean technology is seen as indispensable to solve or at least abate an environmental/energy crisis without abandoning possibilities for progress and economic growth. This, however, does not imply that sustainable development can be readily achieved through a ‘technical fix’. Innovation and commercial introduction of new technology are inherently uncertain processes that fail more often than that they succeed. Studies on the commercialization of new technology in entrepreneurship literature have often struggled to explain why some new technologies reach markets while others do not, as well as why some technological solutions ultimately become industry standards while others quickly disappear from the market. Traditional technology commercialization models are linear, based on a technology-push logic and focus rather exclusively on micro-level issues such as characteristics of technology and product, entrepreneurial experience and access to resources. This chapter takes stock with a linear perspective to cleantech commercialization processes and, instead, suggests an alternative approach to analyze the entrepreneurial process of commercializing cleantech. In particular, this approach underlines the duality concerning structure and agency that entrepreneurs tend to encounter in the commercialization of cleantech. The objective of this chapter is to identify how agency and structure interplay in the process of commercializing cleantech. To do so, the chapter compares two literatures that each depart from different starting points. Whereas the institutional entrepreneurship literature often departs from the micro-level of individual or organizational action, the socio-technical transitions literature departs from a systems perspective on technological change. The contribution of the chapter lies in making explicit the agency-structure discussion in the different approaches in order to add to our understanding of cleantech as an emergent technological field and the role of entrepreneurs and/or entrepreneurship in shaping this field.

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