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Technological Change in Service of the Environment

PublikationArtikel (utan peer review)
Företagandets villkor, Jonas Grafström, miljö, Miljöekonomi, Miljöpolitik, Teknikutveckling
Technological Change in Service of the Environment
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Sammanfattning

The overall purpose of this paper is to briefly outlay and analyze the fundamentals of technological change in the renewable energy sector. Considering the threat of severe consequences of global warming, and policymakers’ desire to focus technological change in renewable energy as one of the solutions, the contribution of this paper lays in its attempt to promote understanding of the technological change process, i.e., the drivers behind it and the possible development patterns for different countries. Such knowledge should enable policy makers to make more efficient decisions.

Grafström, J. (2019). Technological Change in Service of the Environment. IAEE Energy Forum, 2019(1), s 51-54


Liknande innehåll

An Anatomy of Failure – Wind Power Development in China
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Grafström, J.
Publiceringsår

2021

Sammanfattning

China is currently the world’s largest installer of wind power. However, with twice the installed wind capacity compared to the United States in 2015, the Chinese produce less power. The question is: Why is this the case? This article shows that Chinese grid connectivity is low, Chinese firms have few international patents, and that export is low even though production capacity far exceeds domestic production needs. Using the tools of Austrian economics, China’s wind power development from 1980 to 2016 is documented and analyzed from three angles: (a) planning and knowledge problems, (b) unproductive entrepreneurship, and (c) bureaucracy and government policy. From a theoretical standpoint, both a planning problem and an entrepreneurial problem are evident where governmental policies create misallocation of resources and a hampering of technological development.

Government Support to Renewable Energy R&D: Drivers and Strategic Interactions among EU Member States
Artikel (in press)Publikation
Grafström, J., Söderholm, P., Gawel, E., Lehmann, P., & Strunz, S.
Publiceringsår

2020

Sammanfattning

Although the climate challenge requires proactive policies that spur innovation in the renewable energy sector, various countries commit vastly different levels of support for renewable energy R&D. This paper addresses the question why this may be the case. Specifically, the objective is to analyse the determinants of government support to renewable energy R&D in the European Union (EU), and, in doing this, we devote particular attention to the question of whether the level of this support tends to converge or diverge across EU Member States. The investigation relies on a data set of 12 EU Member States and a bias-corrected dynamic panel data estimator. We test for the presence of conditional β-convergence, and the impacts of energy dependence and electricity regulation on government R&D efforts. The findings display divergence in terms of government support to renewable energy R&D, and this result is robust across various model specifications and key assumptions. The analysis also indicates that countries with a low energy-import dependence and deregulated electricity markets tend to experience lower growth rates in government renewable energy R&D. The paper ends by discussing some implications of the results, primarily from an EU perspective.

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