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Tension in networks

PublikationArtikel (med peer review)
Christina Öberg, Network, Power dependence, Tension, Triad

Sammanfattning

Tension refers to contradictions and mostly implies any two parties disagreeing. This paper extends the lens from tension on dyadic levels to describe it in the smallest of networks: the triad. Adopting a multiple-case study methodology illustrating triadic relationships in three different settings, the paper points to how tension may occur among firms in a triad, relate to two of them, or involve all three parties. In the handling of tension and opposed to the dyadic relationship, a single party cannot easily disconnect from all its network parties, and the network discussion thereby contextualises the discussion on tension, while putting focus on the dynamics of tension. As the findings indicate, the handling may, namely, lead to new tension on a dyadic or triadic level. Compared to studies grasping tension as contradictions between two parties and thereby as a research contribution, this present study indicates how the tension may “move” around the network as initial tension is dealt with. If tension is handled through diffusion specifically, including the connection with new parties, it suggests to without exception lead to new tension, while coalition leads to decreased tension in the triad.

Öberg, C., Dahlin, P. & Pesämaa, O. (2020). Tension in networks. Industrial Marketing Management, 19, 311-322.


Liknande innehåll

The shape of female board representation
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Öberg, C.
Publiceringsår

2020

Sammanfattning

Female board representation is increasingly debated in research and practice. This paper problematises how board representation as such may not be the issue, but rather how well nested the women are: that is, whether there is a difference in board members’ representation on multiple boards between women and men and how this affects the woman’s influence, or power, on a particular board. This paper relates such representations not only to whether women hold several board positions, but also to the shape of the network that the multiple representations create. The paper points at how the power of women on boards varies with (1) the existence of few or many interlocks on the board, (2) the number of representations held by the female board member, (3) the fragmented or large network that the female board member is part of, and (4) whether the network consists of direct or indirect links.

Additive manufacturing – digitally changing the global business landscape
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Öberg, C.
Publiceringsår

2019

Publicerat i
Sammanfattning

Purpose: Additive manufacturing, that is, layer-based manufacturing technologies, is thought to change supply chain operations from global to local, while also affecting design processes and product structures. As this transformation happens, a power struggle among various actors relating themselves to additive manufacturing has emerged. The purpose of this paper is to discuss and explain the development of additive manufacturing from a power dependence point of view.

Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on data collected from a number of seminars hosting a total of 620 industry experts representing 102 companies in the area, and reflecting every step of the supply chain.

Findings: The paper points out how measures to deal and create power imbalances occur also related to indirect parties, and how the disruptive character of the supply chain leads to exercised power.

Originality/value: The power struggle provides new insights into how an emerging technology is realised and the effect of protectionism on such attempts. Specifically related to additive manufacturing, the paper illustrates the business side from various actors’ point of view, which adds to technological perspectives on additive manufacturing, as well as studies viewing the supply chain from a bird’s-eye perspective.

Customer roles in M&A integration
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Öberg, C.
Publiceringsår

2018

Sammanfattning

The article describes and discusses what roles customers play in M&A integration. Based on studies of eight domestic and international M&As, it is concluded that customers may: (1) limit integration intentions; (2) be reasons for pre-integration reconsiderations; (3) be used as an argument against integration; (4) not act according to integration intentions; and (5) actively work against integration. Customers’ actual activities, as well as how the M&A parties believe and argue that customers will act, impact the integration. The article highlights how integration is an embedded activity where actions, assumptions and argumentation impact integration. The findings contribute to research on M&As by pointing to how customers impact decisions and outcomes in M&A integration, and by describing integration as an iterative process with several impacting parties.

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