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The impact of public policies on skill mismatch: cross-country analysis in OECD economies

PublikationRapporter
Företagandets villkor, Forska hos Ratio, Kompetens för tillväxt, Kristina Nyström, KTH, Matchning
Master Thesis – Arthur-Alexandre Mauriès – The Impact of Public Policies on Skill Mismatch
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Sammanfattning

Governments aim at reducing skill mismatch because of the adverse effects that it can trigger at the individual and firm level as well as at the country level. Skill mismatch has been defined as a persistent phenomenon with long lasting cross-country differences (Mavromaras et al., 2013). This phenomenon could thus be explained by equivalent cross-country differences in national public policies. The purpose of this thesis is to test the impact of public policies on the probability of being skill mismatched across OECD countries. This thesis explores the recent OECD Survey of Adult Skills from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies using an alternative measure of skill mismatch. Data for public policies come from a wide variety of sources. The results show that both policies targeted on firms (‘demand side of skills’) and policies dealing with the available workforce (‘supply side of skills’) can result in a reduction of skill mismatch levels. Regarding the demand side of skills, countries with smooth regulations on the firing of permanent employees, with efficient policies increasing the allocative efficiency and with a strong focus on entrepreneurship seem to experience lower levels of skill mismatch. For the case of the supply side of skills, housing policies efficient at increasing labour mobility together with a higher participation in lifelong learning and higher investments in active labour market programmes and education are expected to be associated with a reduction of skill mismatch.

Mauriés, A-A. (2016) The impact of public policies on skill mismatch: cross-country analysis in OECD economies. Master Thesis, KTH.

Baserat på innehåll

The impact of public policies on skill mismatch: cross-country analysis in OECD economies
ReportsPublikation
Mauriès, A-A.
Publiceringsår

2016

Publicerat i

Master Thesis

Sammanfattning

Governments aim at reducing skill mismatch because of the adverse effects that it can trigger at the individual and firm level as well as at the country level. Skill mismatch has been defined as a persistent phenomenon with long lasting cross-country differences (Mavromaras et al., 2013). This phenomenon could thus be explained by equivalent cross-country differences in national public policies. The purpose of this thesis is to test the impact of public policies on the probability of being skill mismatched across OECD countries. This thesis explores the recent OECD Survey of Adult Skills from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies using an alternative measure of skill mismatch. Data for public policies come from a wide variety of sources. The results show that both policies targeted on firms (‘demand side of skills’) and policies dealing with the available workforce (‘supply side of skills’) can result in a reduction of skill mismatch levels. Regarding the demand side of skills, countries with smooth regulations on the firing of permanent employees, with efficient policies increasing the allocative efficiency and with a strong focus on entrepreneurship seem to experience lower levels of skill mismatch. For the case of the supply side of skills, housing policies efficient at increasing labour mobility together with a higher participation in lifelong learning and higher investments in active labour market programmes and education are expected to be associated with a reduction of skill mismatch.

Samhällsfarliga konflikter i en ny tid – utmaningar och reformbehov
RapporterPublikation
Karlson, N.
Publiceringsår

2020

Publicerat i

Arbetsmarknadsprogrammet

Sammanfattning

Sammanfattning:
I rapporten undersöks om de svenska regelverken för hantering av samhällsfarliga arbetsmarknadskonflikter behöver uppdateras eller reformeras. Är de ändamålsenliga i en värld där viktiga samhällsfunktioner upprätthålls av ett stort antal ömsesidigt beroende aktörer i komplexa system där varje enskild nod blir kritisk för systemets funktionalitet, och där samhällsviktig verksamhet lika gärna är privat som offentlig? En jämförelse görs med motsvarande regleringsmetoderna och deras förändring i Storbritannien, Tyskland och Danmark.

The Proportionality Principle in German and European Rules of Industrial Conflict
RapporterPublikation
Waas, B.
Publiceringsår

2019

Publicerat i

Arbetsmarknadsprogrammet

Sammanfattning

This report deals with the significance of the principle of proportionality in the strike law of Germany and the EU. As far as German law is concerned, the legal basis and content of the principle of proportionality will first be outlined, and then the importance of the principle for labour law in general. The main issue, however, is the role played by the principle of proportionality in industrial action law. There the Federal Labour Court has meanwhile raised the principle to the central yardstick for the assessment of industrial action measures. The relevant decisions will be presented, but also the considerable criticism of these will not be concealed. Subsequently, EU law will come to the fore, whereby the legal basis, the content and the scope of application of the principle of proportionality will be dealt first. On that basis, the application of the principle in industrial action law will be examined. In that context, the focus will be in the decisions of the European Court of Justice in the cases Laval and Viking. The following section is then devoted to the comparison of German and European law. The author here demonstrates that there are considerable differences in the application of the principle of proportionality.

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