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Working Paper No. 149. Taxation, Labor Market Policy and High-Impact Entrepreneurship

PublikationWorking paper
Arbetsmarknad, Beskattning, Dan Johansson, Entreprenörskap, Gaseller, High-impact firms, Institutionell ekonomi, Magnus Henrekson, Mikael Stenkula
Working Paper No. 149.
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Sammanfattning

Public policy affects the prevalence and performance of both productive and high-impact entrepreneurship. High-impact entrepreneurship prospers when knowledge is successfully generated and exploited in the economy. This process depends on complementary key actors who use their competencies in what we denote a competence bloc. Although variations in economic contexts make prescribing a general panacea impossible, a number of relevant policy areas that affect key actors can be identified. In this paper this is done in the areas of tax policy and labor market policy. It is shown that high and/or distortive taxes and heavy labor market regulations impinge on the creation and functioning of competence blocs, thereby reducing high-impact entrepreneurship.

Related content: Taxation, Labor Market Policy and High-Impact Entrepreneurship

Henrekson, M., Johansson, D. & Stenkula, M. (2010). Taxation, Labor Market Policy and High-Impact Entrepreneurship. Ratio Working Paper No. 149.


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Working Paper No. 333: Balancing employment protection and what’s good for the company
Working paperPublikation
Stern, C. & Weidenstedt, L.
Publiceringsår

2020

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

Like most developed countries, Sweden has institutionalized employment protection legislation, called LAS. LAS is interesting theoretically because parts of it are semi-coercive. The semi-coerciveness makes it possible for firms and unions under collective agreements to negotiate departures from the law, for instance regarding seniority rules and terminations due to employees’ fit and/or misconduct. In this sense, the law is more flexible than the legal text suggests. The present study explores how the semi-coercive institution of employment protection is perceived and implemented by managers of smaller manufacturing companies. The results suggest that managers support the idea of employment protection rules in principle but face a difficult balancing act in dealing with LAS. Thus, the institutional legitimacy of the law is low. LAS ends up producing local cultures of hypocrisy and pretense. The paper gives insights into how institutions aimed at producing good moral behavior sometimes end up producing the opposite.

Location choices of graduate entrepreneurs
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Larsson, J. P., Wennberg, K., Wiklund, J., & Wright, M.
Publiceringsår

2017

Publicerat i
Sammanfattning

We review complementary theoretical perspectives on location choices of university graduate entrepreneurs derived from the individual-opportunity nexus and local embeddedness perspectives on entrepreneurship. Analysis of the full population of 215,388 graduates from Swedish institutions of higher education between 2002 and 2006 provides support for both location choice perspectives. Overall, 63% of graduate entrepreneurs start businesses locally in their region of graduation while 37% start businesses elsewhere. The likelihood of starting locally is substantially higher in metropolitan regions, if the graduate was born locally or has university peer entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial family members in the region of graduation. Implications for theory and public policy are discussed.
Related content: Working Paper No. 290

Working paper No. 276: Regional resilience to displacement
Working paperPublikation
Nyström, K.
Publiceringsår

2016

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

This paper contributes to knowledge about regional resilience to displacement and examines the extent to which the characteristics of the i) regional closures, ii) individuals in a region, iii) regional industry, iv) regional economy and v) regional attractiveness influence the re-employment of displaced employees. The results indicate that regions where the average size of establishment closures is large or the regional displacement rate is high exhibit increased resilience in terms of re-employing displaced employees in the same region. Unrelated and related industrial variety are positively related to resilience to displacement in regions with low re-employment capacities, whereas there is some evidence that regional attractiveness is positively related to resilience in regions with a good ability to re-employ displaced employees.
Related content: Regional resilience to displacement

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