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Working Paper No. 198. Freedom of Speech, the Market for Ideas and the Issue of Ownership and Concentration in the Newspaper Sector

PublikationWorking paper
Företagandets villkor, Per-Olof Bjuggren, Regleringar
pob_hb_ free speach_198
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Sammanfattning

The newspaper sector has a key role in a democratic state. The freedom to express ideas as well as pluralism in the supply of ideas, are fundamental to a democratic society. In many countries the constitution prevents government from regulating the market for ideas since Antitrust laws and Competition Acts cannot be used to the same extent as in other markets. This paper will look more closely at the impact of ownership and concentration on performance in the Swedish newspaper sector and discuss if there is a clash between freedom of ideas and efficient performance in the media sector. Sweden offers an interesting case for two reasons. Firstly, there are different types of ownership categories and firm types that play important roles within the media sector. Secondly, the Swedish government has recently begun investigating whether the Competition Act can be applied to halt or slow down the concentration of media ownership. The purpose is to apply economic theory to the discussion of freedom of speech and ownership concentration, a discussion which is generally dominated by other disciplines.

Bjuggren, P-O. & Bohman, H. (2012). Freedom of Speech, the Market for Ideas and the Issue of Ownership and Concentration in the Newspaper Sector. Ratio Working Paper No. 198.

Baserat på innehåll

Working Paper No. 198. Freedom of Speech, the Market for Ideas and the Issue of Ownership and Concentration in the Newspaper Sector
Working paperPublikation
Bjuggren, P-O. & Bohman, H.
Publiceringsår

2012

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

The newspaper sector has a key role in a democratic state. The freedom to express ideas as well as pluralism in the supply of ideas, are fundamental to a democratic society. In many countries the constitution prevents government from regulating the market for ideas since Antitrust laws and Competition Acts cannot be used to the same extent as in other markets. This paper will look more closely at the impact of ownership and concentration on performance in the Swedish newspaper sector and discuss if there is a clash between freedom of ideas and efficient performance in the media sector. Sweden offers an interesting case for two reasons. Firstly, there are different types of ownership categories and firm types that play important roles within the media sector. Secondly, the Swedish government has recently begun investigating whether the Competition Act can be applied to halt or slow down the concentration of media ownership. The purpose is to apply economic theory to the discussion of freedom of speech and ownership concentration, a discussion which is generally dominated by other disciplines.

Working Paper No. 198. Freedom of Speech, the Market for Ideas and the Issue of Ownership and Concentration in the Newspaper Sector
Working paperPublikation
Bjuggren, P-O. & Bohman, H.
Publiceringsår

2012

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

The newspaper sector has a key role in a democratic state. The freedom to express ideas as well as pluralism in the supply of ideas, are fundamental to a democratic society. In many countries the constitution prevents government from regulating the market for ideas since Antitrust laws and Competition Acts cannot be used to the same extent as in other markets. This paper will look more closely at the impact of ownership and concentration on performance in the Swedish newspaper sector and discuss if there is a clash between freedom of ideas and efficient performance in the media sector. Sweden offers an interesting case for two reasons. Firstly, there are different types of ownership categories and firm types that play important roles within the media sector. Secondly, the Swedish government has recently begun investigating whether the Competition Act can be applied to halt or slow down the concentration of media ownership. The purpose is to apply economic theory to the discussion of freedom of speech and ownership concentration, a discussion which is generally dominated by other disciplines.

Ratio Working Paper No. 349: Industrial conflict in essential services in a new era – Swedish rules in a comparative perspective
Working paperPublikation
Karlson, N.
Publiceringsår

2021

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

This paper examines whether the Swedish regulatory system of dealing with industrial conflicts that affect essential services need an update or reform. Are the existing rules effective in a world where many essential services are upheld by many interdependent agents in complex systems where every single node becomes critical for the functioning of the system, and where the essential service activities could be either private or public? A comparative study is conducted with the corresponding regulatory systems of the United Kingdom, Germany, and Denmark.
The conclusion is that Sweden is a special case. The Swedish protection against and readiness in dealing with societally harmful industrial conflicts in essential services is weaker than in the countries of comparison. Just as in relation to other threats to essential services, it is not sustainable to claim that just because such a threat is not currently present, there would be no need for preparedness.
There are many alternative ways to handle this. Desirable methods should both prevent harmful conflicts from erupting and end conflicts that have grown harmful to society at a later stage. The labour market organisations should have a mutual interest in reforming the rules.

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