Sök

Working Paper No. 55. Economic Freedom in Sweden 1950-2002

PublikationWorking paper
Economic Freedom Index, Ekonomisk frihet, Företagandets villkor, Richard Johnsson
Working Paper No. 55.
Ladda ner

Sammanfattning

The Economic Freedom of the World Index (EFI) is presently available for the years 1970-2002 for Sweden. In this paper I present Swedish Economic Freedom Index (SEFI), an attempt to create a corresponding index for the period 1950-70. By combining EFI and SEFI, it is possible to see the changes in the economic freedom in Sweden for the longer period 1950-2002. On an aggregate level, the economic freedom seems to have been fairly constant 1950-80, then increasing somewhat 1980-95, but seems to have been falling slightly since 1995. The overall level is, however, rather moderate. The most conspicuous decline in economic freedom during the period is related to the size of government and it’s growth. A certain amount of stabilization has occurred in this area, but the overall level is still considerably lower than the already moderate level of 1950. The decline in economic freedom since 1995 is also associated with infringements of the freedom to exchange with foreigners. Only in one case has the economic freedom been increasing considerably from an earlier low level of economic freedom, namely when it comes to the less restricted foreign capital market exchange (i.e. possibilities to own foreign currencies, at home and abroad).

Johnsson, R. (2004). Economic Freedom in Sweden 1950-2002. Ratio Working Paper No. 55.


Liknande innehåll

Aktiebolagsrätt i domstol : En rättsfallsstudie.
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Almlöf, H.
Publiceringsår

2018

Sammanfattning

I artikeln presenteras en rättsfallskartläggning över bolagsrättsliga domar vid Högsta domstolen eller hovrätterna i under 2013-2017. Studien visar bland annat att oaktat var du bor i Sverige är det lika stor sannolikhet för en aktiebolagsrättslig tvist, att talan i drygt hälften av målen riktas mot styrelseledamöter och att så mycket som en tredjedel av rättsfallen handlar om bolagsledningens personliga betalningsansvar. Studien ger också anledning att diskutera förekomsten och nyttan av empiriskt material inom rättsvetenskapen.

Customer roles in M&A integration
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Öberg, C.
Publiceringsår

2018

Sammanfattning

The article describes and discusses what roles customers play in M&A integration. Based on studies of eight domestic and international M&As, it is concluded that customers may: (1) limit integration intentions; (2) be reasons for pre-integration reconsiderations; (3) be used as an argument against integration; (4) not act according to integration intentions; and (5) actively work against integration. Customers’ actual activities, as well as how the M&A parties believe and argue that customers will act, impact the integration. The article highlights how integration is an embedded activity where actions, assumptions and argumentation impact integration. The findings contribute to research on M&As by pointing to how customers impact decisions and outcomes in M&A integration, and by describing integration as an iterative process with several impacting parties.

Location choices of graduate entrepreneurs
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Larsson, J. P., Wennberg, K., Wiklund, J., & Wright, M.
Publiceringsår

2017

Publicerat i
Sammanfattning

We review complementary theoretical perspectives on location choices of university graduate entrepreneurs derived from the individual-opportunity nexus and local embeddedness perspectives on entrepreneurship. Analysis of the full population of 215,388 graduates from Swedish institutions of higher education between 2002 and 2006 provides support for both location choice perspectives. Overall, 63% of graduate entrepreneurs start businesses locally in their region of graduation while 37% start businesses elsewhere. The likelihood of starting locally is substantially higher in metropolitan regions, if the graduate was born locally or has university peer entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial family members in the region of graduation. Implications for theory and public policy are discussed.
Related content: Working Paper No. 290

Visa fler

Ratio är ett fristående forskningsinstitut som forskar om hur företagandets villkor kan utvecklas och förbättras.

Sveavägen 59 4trp

Box 3203

103 64 Stockholm

Postgiro: 382621-1

|

Bankgiro: 512-6578