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Ekonomisk frihet, tillväxt och jämlikhet

PublicationArticle (without peer review)
Företagandets villkor, Niclas Berggren, Offentlig ekonomi, Rättsekonomi, Teknikskiften

Abstract

Vilken sorts politik ger upphov till ekonomisk tillväxt? Ett nytt, huvudsakligen empiriskt, forskningsfält inom nationalekonomin visar att politik som kännetecknas av ekonomisk frihet tycks förmå göra detta. Med detta begrepp avses graden av marknadsekonomi – i huvudsak liten stat, skydd av privat ägande, välfungerande rättsväsende, fri konkurrens och få regleringar. Bland de ännu preliminära resultaten återfinns att (ökningar i) ekonomisk frihet är gynnsamma för ekonomisk tillväxt – liksom, under vissa villkor, för inkomstjämlikhet.

Berggren, N. (2003). Ekonomisk frihet, tillväxt och jämlikhet. Ekonomisk Debatt, 31(3): 47-58.

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Working Paper No. 166. “Time for behavioral political economy? An analysis of articles in behavioral economics?”
Working paperPublication
Berggren, N.
Publication year

2011

Published in

Ratio Working Paper

Abstract

This study analyzes leading research in behavioral economics to see whether it contains advocacy of paternalism and whether it addresses the potential cognitive limitations and biases of the policymakers who are going to implement paternalist policies. The findings reveal that 20.7% of the studied articles in behavioral economics propose paternalist policy action and that 95.5% of these do not contain any analysis of the cognitive ability of policymakers. This suggests that behavioral political economy, in which the analytical tools of behavioral economics are applied to political decision-makers as well, would offer a useful extension of the research program. Such an extension could be related to the concept of robust political economy, according to which the case for paternalism should be subjected to “worst-case” assumptions, such as policymakers being less than fully rational.

Working Paper No. 166. “Time for behavioral political economy? An analysis of articles in behavioral economics?”
Working paperPublication
Berggren, N.
Publication year

2011

Published in

Ratio Working Paper

Abstract

This study analyzes leading research in behavioral economics to see whether it contains advocacy of paternalism and whether it addresses the potential cognitive limitations and biases of the policymakers who are going to implement paternalist policies. The findings reveal that 20.7% of the studied articles in behavioral economics propose paternalist policy action and that 95.5% of these do not contain any analysis of the cognitive ability of policymakers. This suggests that behavioral political economy, in which the analytical tools of behavioral economics are applied to political decision-makers as well, would offer a useful extension of the research program. Such an extension could be related to the concept of robust political economy, according to which the case for paternalism should be subjected to “worst-case” assumptions, such as policymakers being less than fully rational.

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