The Role of Economists in Liberalizing Swedish Agriculture

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Avreglering, Företagandets villkor, Henrik Malm Lindberg, Jordbrukspolitik, Liberalisering


I examine the process that led to major reforms in agriculture in Sweden, culminating in 1990. Economists were largely responsible for putting the issue on the agenda. Using a public choice perspective, they reformulated the debate. Who benefited, who paid, and what were the true costs? The reformulation illuminated an “iron triangleâ€â€”farmers and their interest organizations, politicians, and the bureaucracy. When the new policy coalition gained the initiative, connections and support from the Ministry of Finance were critical, and led to a new will reaching the Prime Minister and finally into the bureaucracy itself, the Ministry of Agriculture. Economists and others overcame the iron triangle. Enlightened discourse played no small role in overcoming resistance.

Lindberg, H. (2007). ”The Role of Economists in Liberalizing Swedish Agriculture.”Econ Journal Watch, 4(2): 213-229.

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Malm Lindberg, H.
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Mellan 2000-2015 hölls fler än 600 olovliga strejker i Finland, under samma period skedde enbart 31 i Sverige. I Sverige sätter Industriavtalet normen för löneförhandlingarna i andra sektorer. Där finns även institutioner som Medlingsinstitutet och Arbetsdomstolen. I Finland är lönesättningen centraliserad och underblåser konflikt mellan arbetsgivare och arbetstagare. I denna rapport för tankesmedjan Eva jämför arbetsmarknadsforskaren arbetsmarknadskonflikterna i Sverige och Finland.

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