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Kunskapsöverföring för tillväxt

PublicationReports
Anton Gidehag, Företagandets villkor, Magnus Lodefalk, Produktivitet, Rekrytering, SMEs, Tillväxtanalys

Abstract

I en rapport författad åt Tillväxtanalys analyserar Magnus Lodefalk, forskare vid Örebro universitet och Ratio och Anton Gidehag, doktorand vid Örebro universitet sambandet mellan nyanställda nyckelpersoner och företagens efterföljande produktivitetsutveckling och hur sambandet varierar med både yrkesroll och tidigare erfarenheter.

Studien täcker små och medelstora företag i Sverige under tidsperioden 2001-2010 och resultaten tyder på att rekrytering av nyckelkompetens är viktigt för produktiviteten hos dessa företag. De små och medelstora företagen som lyckas rekrytera specialister från väletablerade företag förefaller ha en särskilt gynnsam produktivitetsutveckling. Detta innefattar bland annat rekrytering av personal från multinationella företag och företag som deltar i utrikeshandeln.

Lodefalk, M. & Gidehag, A. (2016). Kunskapsöverföring för tillväxt – Sambanden mellan produktivitet och rekrytering av nyckelkompetens hos små och medelstora företag. (PM nr. 2016:12). Östersund: Tillväxtanalys.


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Abstract

This paper studies the perceived difficulty of recruiting scarce competences to rural regions. Furthermore, the role of policy in facilitating and enhancing recruitment to and better skills matching in rural regions is discussed. Based on a survey targeted to the business sections in Swedish municipalities, the results show that recruitment is perceived to be difficult in both rural and non-rural regions. However, recruitment problems in the public sector are more pronounced in rural municipalities. Nevertheless, recruitment to the public and business sectors are perceived to be equally difficult in rural regions. Both rural municipalities and non-rural municipalities state that the difficulty of recruiting the right skills results in a lack of skills matching and constitutes an obstacle to growth. Which policies can help remedy recruitment problems in rural regions? The pecuniary incentive of writing off student debt is perceived to be the most promising policy, but respondents also believe that non-pecuniary support such as relocation support for accompanying persons and tandem recruitment should be implemented to a greater extent. Finally, the need for flexibility and policies that can be adapted to the regional demand for labour are stressed. This regards for example the adaption of education programmes to local needs and rules and regulations.

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Published in

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