To what extent are differences in employment and earnings of persons with different ethnic background or race than the majority population due to discrimination? Differences between ethnic groups are often related to integration of first or second generation immigrants with differences in education, skills and social networks in focus. Correspondence studies have documented the prevalence of ethnic and racial discrimination in hiring. Studies of policies to mitigate discrimination by excluding information about applicants’ race or ethnicity show these may have unintended consequences.
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Ahmed, A., & Hammarstedt, M. (2023). Labour market discrimination: Ethnicity and race. Edward Elgar Publishing.