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Firm growth, institutions, and structural transformation

PublikationBokkapitel
Dan Johansson, Företagandets villkor, Företagstillväxt, Institutionell ekonomi, Magnus Henrekson, Strukturell transformation

Sammanfattning

Dan Johansson har tillsammans med Magnus Henrekson skrivit kapitlet Firm growth, institutions, and structural transformation i Michael Fritsch (red) Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship and Regional Development: National and Regional Perspectives. Kapitlet tar sin utgångspunkt i att hög ekonomisk tillväxt förutsätter att institutionerna – ”samhällets spelregler” – bejakar snabb strukturomvandling. Framgångsrika företag måste attrahera resurser från mindre framgångsrika företag för att kunna växa. Utvecklingen har således såväl en ”positiv” som ”negativ” sida. I kapitlet läggs speciellt fokus på förutsättningarna för så kallade gasellföretag – ett fåtal snabbväxande företag – vilka har visat sig ha stor betydelse för sysselsättning och tillväxt, enligt forskningen. Tre politikområden identifieras som centrala för att stimulera framväxten av fler snabbväxande företag: Fortsatt avreglering av den offentliga sektorn, förbättrade skatteincitament och en översyn av arbetsmarknadsregleringarna.

Related content: Working Paper No. 150

Henrekson, M. & Johansson, D. (2011). ”Firm growth, institutions, and structural transformation”. I Fritsch, M. (red.) Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship and Regional Development. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.


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Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Öberg, C., & Alexander, A.
Publiceringsår

2019

Sammanfattning

Open innovation has rendered increased interest both in practice and research, and has expanded from dyadic transfers of ideas, to ecosystem levels. Knowledge is at the heart of open innovation, and this paper describes and discusses knowledge-transfer linkages for open innovation. It does so based on a literature review. The paper links together open innovation research with general management research to categorise and discuss linkages among parties in terms of their openness and how they relate to knowledge management. Conclusions indicate that openness needs to be considered in different dimensions that also links to different knowledge management outcomes. The paper’s contribution consists of how it connects open innovation research to the general management literature, and how it builds a practical understanding of how linkages between firms can be categorised to aid firms to consider which mechanisms they may choose and why.

Municipally Owned Enterprises as Danger Zones for Corruption? How Politicians Having Feet in Two Camps May Undermine Conditions for Accountability
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Bergh, A., Erlingsson, G., Gustafsson, A. & Wittberg, E.
Publiceringsår

2019

Publicerat i
Sammanfattning

The market-inspired reforms of New Public Management have been particularly pronounced in Swedish local government. Notably, municipally owned enterprises (MOEs) have rapidly grown in numbers. Principal-agent theory gives rise to the hypothesis that the massive introduction of MOEs has impacted negatively on the conditions for accountability in Swedish local government. To study this, social network analysis was employed in mapping networks for 223 MOEs in 11 strategically chosen municipalities, covering a total of 732 politicians. The analysis reveals substantial overlaps between principals (representatives of the ultimate stakeholders, citizens) and agents (the boards of the MOEs). Hence, corporatization of public services seems to imply worrisome entanglements between the politicians who are set to steer, govern, and oversee MOEs on the one hand, and the board members of MOEs on the other. The increasing numbers of MOEs may therefore have adverse effects on accountability in important and growing parts of Swedish local government.

Assessing the interplay between crowdfunding and sustainability in social media
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Laurell, C., Sandström, C. & Suseno, Y.
Publiceringsår

2019

Sammanfattning

This paper aims to assess the degree to which sustainability-oriented dimensions are integrated within the public discourse on crowdfunding in social media. Utilizing Social Media Analytics (SMA), we track discussions on crowdfunding in user-generated content published in social media. Based on an empirical material of 141,754 user-generated content, we identify 308 entries (0.21 percent) explicitly or implicitly relating to sustainability and 80 percent of these 308 entries came from professional actors. In this material, 37 sustainability-oriented campaigns are identified and 26 of them (70 percent) received one entry. Taken together, this paper adds to previous literature by assessing and describing the seemingly minor role played by social media with regards to the interplay between crowdfunding and sustainability.

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