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Offshoring and Home Country R&D

PublikationArtikel (med peer review)
EU, Företagandets villkor, Forskning, Offshoring, Patrik Karpaty, Patrik Tingvall

Sammanfattning

National concerns are occasionally raised against offshoring economic activities to other countries. While most of the existing literature has focused on the effects on labour demand and productivity, the effects on domestic R&D have largely been neglected. Using Swedish firm-level data, we analyse the effects of material offshoring on the R&D intensity of domestic firms. The results suggest that the overall impact of offshoring on R&D is negative. The negative effect on home country R&D stems from offshoring by small firms from other high-income countries. Conversely, offshoring increases home country R&D among large firms. As large firms perform the bulk of Swedish R&D, the net effect of offshoring on R&D is positive.

Related content: Working Paper No. 180

Karpaty, P. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P. (2015). Offshoring and Home Country R&D. The World Economy, 38(4), 655-676. DOI: 10.1111/twec.12226

Baserat på innehåll

Service Offshoring and Corruption: Do Firms Escape Corrupt Countries?
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Karpaty, P. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P.
Publiceringsår

2015

Sammanfattning

We analyze how service offshoring by Swedish firms is affected by corruption in source countries. The results suggest that firms avoid corrupt countries and that corruption reduces the volume of service offshoring. Analyzing firm heterogeneity, we find that large and internationalized firms are the ones that are the most sensitive to corruption. In addition, sensitivity to corruption tends to increase with falling income in source countries. These results suggest that the gains from reduced corruption may be the greatest for poor countries.

Service-sector competition, innovation and R&D
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Karpaty, P. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P.
Publiceringsår

2011

Sammanfattning

The central prediction of the Aghion, Bloom, Blundell and Howitt model is an inverted U-shaped relationship between innovation and competition. The model is built on the assumption of a product market and has not yet been tested on the service sector. Using detailed firm-level data on Swedish service-sector firms, we find evidence of an inverse U-shaped relationship for exporting service-sector firms. A further breakdown of innovation expenditures shows that the inverse U-shaped pattern holds for intramural R&D and training, but not for extramural R&D. Finally, the results indicate that as competition increases, small firms tend to seek strategic alliances with competitors, whereas large firms tend to reduce collaboration with competitors. The behavior of large firms can partly be due to their superior capacity to handle innovation projects internally, which will become more important if increased competition results in higher pay-offs to innovation.

Service Offshoring and Corruption: Do Firms Escape Corrupt Countries?
Article (with peer review)Publikation
Karpaty, P. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P.
Publiceringsår

2015

Sammanfattning

We analyze how service offshoring by Swedish firms is affected by corruption in source countries. The results suggest that firms avoid corrupt countries and that corruption reduces the volume of service offshoring. Analyzing firm heterogeneity, we find that large and internationalized firms are the ones that are the most sensitive to corruption. In addition, sensitivity to corruption tends to increase with falling income in source countries. These results suggest that the gains from reduced corruption may be the greatest for poor countries.

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