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Does Political Ideology Hinder Insights on Gender and Labor Markets?

PublikationBokkapitel
Arbetsmarknad, Charlotta Stern, Ideologi, Ojämlikhet, Rättvisa, Sociologi

Sammanfattning

Sociology is a field where a large majority of professors lean left. The left-leaning ideology is visible in studies of gender differences in labor markets. In such studies, a left-feminist ideology of equality is taken to be self-evident. Defining equality to equate to slim-outcome difference, however, pre-destines all differences to be seen as outcomes of culturally defined social constructions and discrimination. In this chapter it is hypothesized that this has produced tabooed topics in the field. One such taboo is the acknowledging of differences between men and women. Such differences challenge the left-feminism’s notion of equality in terms of slim-outcome-difference. Research on evolution and preferences is downplayed in favor of cultural explanations. Cultural explanations interpret differences between men and women in labor market behavior as constructed, as largely driven by gender stereotypes and discrimination. The notion that differences can stem from biology or from the choices made by individuals pursuing a lifestyle different than those prescribed by gender researchers is seldom entertained. I hypothesize that the situation stems from gender sociology being dominated by left-feminist ideology.
Related content: Working paper No. 275

Stern, C. (2017). Does Political Ideology Hinder Insights on Gender and Labor Markets? In J. T. Crawford, & L. Jussim (Eds.), The Politics of Social Psychology(pp. 44-61). New York, NY: Psychology Press, Routledge.


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Working paperPublikation
Stern, C. & Weidenstedt, L.
Publiceringsår

2020

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

Like most developed countries, Sweden has institutionalized employment protection legislation, called LAS. LAS is interesting theoretically because parts of it are semi-coercive. The semi-coerciveness makes it possible for firms and unions under collective agreements to negotiate departures from the law, for instance regarding seniority rules and terminations due to employees’ fit and/or misconduct. In this sense, the law is more flexible than the legal text suggests. The present study explores how the semi-coercive institution of employment protection is perceived and implemented by managers of smaller manufacturing companies. The results suggest that managers support the idea of employment protection rules in principle but face a difficult balancing act in dealing with LAS. Thus, the institutional legitimacy of the law is low. LAS ends up producing local cultures of hypocrisy and pretense. The paper gives insights into how institutions aimed at producing good moral behavior sometimes end up producing the opposite.

Working paper No. 276: Regional resilience to displacement
Working paperPublikation
Nyström, K.
Publiceringsår

2016

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

This paper contributes to knowledge about regional resilience to displacement and examines the extent to which the characteristics of the i) regional closures, ii) individuals in a region, iii) regional industry, iv) regional economy and v) regional attractiveness influence the re-employment of displaced employees. The results indicate that regions where the average size of establishment closures is large or the regional displacement rate is high exhibit increased resilience in terms of re-employing displaced employees in the same region. Unrelated and related industrial variety are positively related to resilience to displacement in regions with low re-employment capacities, whereas there is some evidence that regional attractiveness is positively related to resilience in regions with a good ability to re-employ displaced employees.
Related content: Regional resilience to displacement

Ratio Working Paper No. 257: Firm’s Evaluation of Location Quality: Evidence from East Germany
Working paperPublikation
Eickelpasch, A., Hirte, G. & Stephan, A.
Publiceringsår

2015

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

Our study provides evidence for rms’ evaluation of location quality. We use a 2004 survey of 6,000 East German rms that contained questions on the importance and assessment of 15 dierent location factors ranging from closeness to customers and suppliers, transport infrastructure, and proximity to research institutions and universities, as well as questions about the local nancial institutions and region’s image”. The results show (1) a great deal of heterogeneity in terms of which rm- or regional-level characteristics are important in the evaluation of a specic location factor, (2) that the model’s explanatory power is, overall, low and thus neither location characteristics nor internal factors are fully re ected in the perceptions, (3) that a rm’s business situation and whether a location factor is considered important have explanatory power for perception. One policy-relevant conclusion that we derive from these ndings is that location policy should consider rms’ perception of a specic location in addition to improving the actual attributes of that location.

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