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University Knowledge Spillovers & regional start-up rates

PublikationArtikel (med peer review)
Företagandets villkor, Forskning, Karin Hellerstedt, Karl Wennberg, Lars Frederiksen, Spillovers, Start-ups

Sammanfattning

This chapter investigates how regional start-up rates in the knowledge-intensive services and high-tech industries are influenced by knowledge spillovers from both universities and firm-based R&D activities. Integrating insights from economic geography and organizational ecology into the literature on entrepreneurship, we develop a theoretical framework which captures how both supply- and demand-side factors mold the regional bedrock for start-ups in knowledge-intensive industries. Using multilevel data of all knowledge-intensive start-ups across 286 Swedish municipalities between 1994 and 2002 we demonstrate how characteristics of the economic and political milieu within each region influence the ratio of firm births. We find that knowledge spillovers from universities and firm-based R&D strongly affect the start-up rates for both high-tech firms and knowledge-intensive services firms. Further, the start-up rate of knowledge-intensive service firms is tied more strongly to the supply of university educated individuals and the political regulatory regime within the municipality than start-ups in high-tech industries. This suggests that knowledge-intensive service-start-ups are more susceptible to both demand-side and supply-side context than is the case for high-tech start-ups in general. Our study contributes to the growing stream of research that explains entrepreneurial activity as shaped by contextual factors, most notably academic institutions, such as universities that contribute to knowledge-intensive start-ups.

Related content: Working Paper No. 230

Hellerstedt, K., Wennberg, K. & Fredriksen, L. (2014). “University Knowledge Spillovers & regional start-up rates: Supply and Demand-Side Factors.” In Corbett, A. C., Siegel, D. S. & Katz, J. A. (Eds.), Advances in Entrepreneurship, Firm Emergence and Growth: Vol. 16. Academic Entrepreneurship: Creating An Entrepreneurial Ecosystem (pp. 137-168). Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


Liknande innehåll

Entreprenörsstaten?
BokPublikation
Wennberg, K., Sandström, C.
Publiceringsår

2022

Publicerat i

Ratio: Stockholm.

Sammanfattning

Västvärlden har upplevt ihållande arbetslöshet och avsaknad av varaktig ekonomisk återhämtning. Vi har sett hur skydd av nationella intressen vuxit fram, liksom välgrundad oro för ekonomisk ojämlikhet och globala miljöproblem.

I denna jordmån har den interventionistiska industripolitiken upplevt en renässans. Mariana Mazzucatos bok The Entrepreneurial State (2011) utgjorde tillsammans med finanskrisen startskottet för alltmer proaktiva ingrepp i ekonomin. Hennes argumentation var spännande och enkel: Staten har varit den främsta aktören bakom innovation och ekonomisk tillväxt: entreprenörer och stora företag har egentligen bara kapitaliserat på dessa satsningar.

I den här skriften granskas dessa idéer. Vårt innehåll är i flera bemärkelser en varning. Storslagna planer för att skapa önskvärda utfall har sällan ett historiskt smickrande facit. Politiken varken kan eller bör försöka satsa på specifika bolag eller teknologier. Resultatet förvränger incitamentsstrukturerna och resulterar i skadlig opportunism.

The Entrepreneurial Story and its Implications for Research
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Brattström, A., & Wennberg, K.
Publiceringsår

2022

Publicerat i

Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 46(6), 1443-1468.

Sammanfattning

Research is not merely report-writing; it also involves elements of storytelling. In this essay, we reflect on two narrative archetypes in entrepreneurship research: the stories of entrepreneurship as a road to salvation and means to emancipation. We outline a framework to analyze research from a storytelling perspective, apply this framework to identify implicit assumptions and methodological biases in mainstream research, and discuss how a storytelling framework can be used to generate alternative stories. We argue for a more empirically grounded research agenda that continues the development of entrepreneurship research into a rich and diverse field.

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