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What Are We Explaining? A Review and Agenda on Initiating, Engaging, Performing, and Contextualizing Entrepreneurship

PublikationArtikel (med peer review)
contextualizing, Dean A. Shepherd, dependent variables, engaging, entrepreneurship, initiating, Johan Wiklund, Karl Wennberg, performing, Roy Suddaby

Sammanfattning

Entrepreneurship is multifaceted. The purpose of this review is to acknowledge and critically assess the many and varied dependent variables (DVs) of entrepreneurship over the last 17 years. By focusing exclusively on systematically reviewing entrepreneurship’s DVs, this paper maps out, classifies, and provides order to the phenomena that scholars consider part of this self-defined field of research. Using a systematic selection process and an inductive approach to categorization, we offer a meta-framework for organizing entrepreneurship’s DVs. On the basis of this meta-framework, entrepreneurship involves the (a) initiation, (b) engagement, and (c) performance of entrepreneurial endeavors embedded in (d) environmental conditions in which an entrepreneurial endeavor is the investment of resources into the pursuit of a potential opportunity. For each category, we offer both a review of the different DVs and opportunities for future research.

Shepherd, D., Wennberg, K., Suddaby, R. & Wiklund, J. (2019). What Are We Explaining? A Review and Agenda on Initiating, Engaging, Performing, and Contextualizing Entrepreneurship. Journal of Management, 45(1), 159-196 DOI: 10.1177/0149206318799443


Liknande innehåll

The Entrepreneurial Story and its Implications for Research
Artikel (med peer review)Publikation
Brattström, A., & Wennberg, K.
Publiceringsår

2022

Publicerat i

Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 46(6), 1443-1468.

Sammanfattning

Research is not merely report-writing; it also involves elements of storytelling. In this essay, we reflect on two narrative archetypes in entrepreneurship research: the stories of entrepreneurship as a road to salvation and means to emancipation. We outline a framework to analyze research from a storytelling perspective, apply this framework to identify implicit assumptions and methodological biases in mainstream research, and discuss how a storytelling framework can be used to generate alternative stories. We argue for a more empirically grounded research agenda that continues the development of entrepreneurship research into a rich and diverse field.

Questioning the Entrepreneurial State
BokPublikation
Wennberg, K. & Sandström, C.
Publiceringsår

2022

Publicerat i
Sammanfattning

Western economies are struggling to recover from a decade of Plagued by structural crises, an ongoing pandemic, high unemployment and sluggish growth. As progressively looser monetary and fiscal policies have not helped, both the EU and national governments have increasingly turned towards interventionist industrial policies. Mariana Mazzucato’s The Entrepreneurial State (2011) provided an intellectual justification for these efforts, and consequently gained popularity. The message was clear: in order to get more innovation, entrepreneurship, sustainable development and growth we need more government, not less. In this book, 30 international scholars address the core ideas underpinning the entrepreneurial state. We provide evidence of both historical and recent failures of “green deals” and similar efforts, while also developing novel directions for innovation policy. In many regards, this book is a warning: huge government schemes towards specific, noble outcomes have historically been plagued with failures. In sum, we argue that innovation policy needs to be inverted: instead of being specific and targeted, it needs to be broad and general, focusing on the general conditions for firms to operate. Instead of providing targeted support to certain firms, industries or even technologies, innovation policy needs to constructively deal with barriers to innovation, including the proactive handling of vested interest groups.

The book is open access and can be downloaded here.

Jobbskapande och produktivitet i små kontra nya företag
Artikel (utan peer review)Publikation
Andersson, M., Henrekson, M., Jack, S., Stenkula, M., Thorburn, K., Wennberg, K. & Zander, I.
Publiceringsår

2021

Publicerat i
Sammanfattning

Denna artikel presenterar 2020 års pristagare av Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research – John Haltiwanger – och de bidrag han har gjort inom entreprenörskapsforskningen. Haltiwanger har bl a bidragit till att förbättra vår förståelse av hur jobb skapas och försvinner, kartlägga vilka faktorer som styr produktivitet samt analysera hur småföretag bidrar till den ekonomiska utvecklingen. Hans forskning har inspirerat såväl policydebatt som nationella statistikmyndigheter världen över.

Andersson, M., Henrekson, M., Jack, S., Stenkula, M., Thorburn, K., Wennberg, K. & Zander, I. (2021). Jobbskapande och produktivitet i små kontra nya företag. Ekonomisk Debatt, 2021(7).

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