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Working Paper No. 53. How Politically Diverse Are the Social Sciences and Humanities? Survey Evidence from Six Fields

PublikationWorking paper
Akademiker, Charlotta Stern, Daniel Klein, Företagandets villkor, Ideologi, Mångfald, Politiska partier, Politiskt lärande, Republican, Röstning
Working Paper No. 53.
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Sammanfattning

In Spring 2003, a large-scale survey of American academics was conducted using academic association membership lists from six fields: Anthropology, Economics, History, Philosophy (political and legal), Political Science, and Sociology. This paper focuses on one question: To which political party have the candidates you’ve voted for in the past ten years mostly belonged? The question was answered by 96.4 percent of academic respondents. The results show that the faculty is heavily skewed towards voting Democratic. The most lopsided fields surveyed are Anthropology with a D to R ratio of 30.2 to 1, and Sociology with 28.0 to 1. The least lopsided is Economics with 3.0 to 1. After Economics, the least lopsided is Political Science with 6.7 to 1. The average of the six ratios by field is about 15 to 1. Our analysis and related research suggest that for the the social sciences and humanities overall, a “one-big-pool” ratio of 7 to 1 is a safe lower-bound estimate, and 8 to 1 or 9 to 1 are reasonable point estimates. Thus, the social sciences and humanities are dominated by Democrats. There is little ideological diversity. We discuss Stephen Balch’s “property rights” proposal to help remedy the situation.

Related content: Political Diversity in Six Disciplines

Klein, D. & Stern, C. (2004). How Politically Diverse Are the Social Sciences and Humanities? Survey Evidence from Six Fields. Ratio Working Paper No. 53.


Liknande innehåll

Den svenska modellens framtid
BokPublikation
Karlson, N., Stern, C. & Uddén Sonnegård, E.
Publiceringsår

2021

Publicerat i
Sammanfattning

Kommer den svenska arbetsmarknadsmodellen att klara av de utmaningar som globaliseringen, digitaliseringen och utvecklingen av artificiell intelligens för med sig? Kan den hantera den åldrande befolkningen och den allt större aktiviteten från EU:s sida på arbetsmarknadsområdet?

I denna bok diskuteras vad aktuell forskning har att säga om dessa frågor. Den svenska modellen utvärderas utifrån fyra kriterier: konkurrenskraft, utvecklingskraft, kompetensförsörjning och ett inkluderande samhälle.

En slutsats är att den svenska arbetsmarknadsmodellen har betydande problem. Några av dem kommer inifrån modellen själv, medan andra kommer utifrån. Samtidigt har modellen stora fördelar som är väl värda att bevara och utveckla. Men för att hantera utmaningarna är reformer nödvändiga. För både arbetsmarknadens parter och politiker bör den långsiktiga ambitionen vara att stärka förmågan till kontinuerlig utveckling.

Boken kan beställas här.

Ratio Working Paper No. 337 Wage Setting as a Discovery Process
Working paperPublikation
Stern, C.
Publiceringsår

2020

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

Local wage setting is when companies in their collective agreements with unions formulate local rules for determining wage increase criteria, in contrast to central wage setting where the industry agreement specify the rules for all companies covered. HR-managers should promote local wage practices more than they currently do. I identify reasons behind HR-managers (and unions) skepticism towards local wage practices and go on to argue that in the end a local wage practice will be better organizational-practice because it will develop organization specific knowledge and this will promote discovery and develop organizational integrity. Hence, HR-managers should embrace local wage practices because it is good for the organization, although it means more work and higher demands on the managers themselves. The social outcome of local wage practices is that firm-specific explorations in HR-management schemes is HR-intrapreneurship which in combination with competition is likely to foster inter-organizational learning and stronger firms.

Working Paper No. 334 Stockholm City’s Elderly Care and Covid19: Interview with Barbro Karlsson
Working paperPublikation
Stern, L. & Klein, D. B.
Publiceringsår

2020

Publicerat i

Ratio Working Paper

Sammanfattning

Upwards of 70 percent of the Covid19 death toll in Sweden has been people in elderly care services (as of mid-May 2020). We summarize the Covid19 tragedy in elderly care in Sweden, particularly in the City of Stockholm. We explain the institutional structure of elderly care administration and service provision. Those who died of Covid19 in Stockholm’s nursing homes had a life-remaining median somewhere in the range of 5 to 9 months. Having contextualized the Covid19 problem in City of Stockholm, we present an interview of Barbro Karlsson, who works at the administrative heart of the Stockholm elderly care system. Her institutional knowledge and sentiment offer great insight into the concrete problems and challenges. There are really two sides to the elderly care Covid19 challenge: The vulnerability and frailty of those in nursing homes and the problem of nosocomial infection—that is, infection caused by contact with others involved in the elderly care experience. The problem calls for targeted solutions by those close to the vulnerable individuals.

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